Analysis and effects of Heat Transfer and Friction Factor on SOFC Performance Characteristics

Azra Selimovic, Jinliang Yuan, Masoud Rokni, Bengt Sundén, Jens Pålsson, Tord Torisson, Lars Sjunesson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Within a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) assembly, the dominant mode of heat transfer is convection between the solid parts of the cell and the flowing gases in the gas channels. Estimation of the convective heat transfer coefficients is usually based on a constant value of the Nusselt number, assuming laminar established flow in the fuel cell channels. In this work, the convective heat transfer between solids and gases in both air and fuel channels is under study. The entrance effects on gas flow and heat transfer for the channels are simulated by a three-dimensional computation code in terms of friction factor fRe (Pressure drop) and Nusselt number Nu, based on a thermal boundary condition with constant heat flux qw at one wall and with thermal insulation (q=0) at the other three walls. The new results from the heat transfer study are integrated into a mathematical model, developed for simulation of a planar SOFC with internal reforming. This in order to test if these results will have any significant impact on the performance estimation of the cell. The detailed two-dimensional SOFC model, developed earlier by one of the authors, describes a single cell plate operating behaviour, i.e., gas utilisation, power density, energy efficiency, current and temperature profiles for different operating conditions. The modelling comprises solving the governing equations of heat and mass transfer in the air and in the fuel channels and in the solid structure of the cell. It includes comprehensive representation of resistive cell losses, reaction kinetics for the reforming reaction and heat conduction through the solid part of the cell. The results from the heat transfer study are integrated into the cell model by means of a variable heat transfer coefficient along the fuel cell channels.
Keyword: SOFC, Heat transfer, Friction factor
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th European Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Forum
EditorsA. J. McEvoy
Publication date2000
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes
Event4th European Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Forum - Lucerne, Switzerland
Duration: 10 Jul 200014 Jul 2000
Conference number: 4


Conference4th European Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Forum


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