Analysis and Characterization of Machined Surfaces with Aesthetic Functionality

Francesco Giuseppe Biondani*, Giuliano Bissacco, Lukáš Pilný, Hans Nørgaard Hansen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

8 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The generation of fine machined surfaces with high gloss is an important topic in mould manufacturing. The surface gloss can be characterized by means of scattered light sensors and a representative parameter such as Aq. In this paper, in-line measurements of scattered light distribution are compared with roughness parameters calculated using a confocal microscope, in order to assess surface aesthetic quality. Several surfaces have been machined by means of high precision milling, producing different surface topographies. Surface characterization has been performed on a machine using a scattered light sensor, and using a confocal microscope in laboratory conditions. The calculated Aq parameter is compared with the amplitude roughness parameters Sa and Sq, and with hybrid parameters Sdq and Rdq representing the average slope of the surface features. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images are used as visual benchmarks to identify the parameters’ correlation with the visual appearance. A different linear trend of the relationship between Aq, Rdq, and Sdq is observed. The description of the surface quality through Sa or Sq instead is found to be insufficient. This is explained by means of SEM pictures showing a dramatic influence of the smeared material over the machined surface.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Automation Technology
Volume13
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)261-269
ISSN1881-7629
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Scattered light sensor
  • Surface appearance
  • Machining

Cite this

@article{d7042f2920414ac38655a9f94b939709,
title = "Analysis and Characterization of Machined Surfaces with Aesthetic Functionality",
abstract = "The generation of fine machined surfaces with high gloss is an important topic in mould manufacturing. The surface gloss can be characterized by means of scattered light sensors and a representative parameter such as Aq. In this paper, in-line measurements of scattered light distribution are compared with roughness parameters calculated using a confocal microscope, in order to assess surface aesthetic quality. Several surfaces have been machined by means of high precision milling, producing different surface topographies. Surface characterization has been performed on a machine using a scattered light sensor, and using a confocal microscope in laboratory conditions. The calculated Aq parameter is compared with the amplitude roughness parameters Sa and Sq, and with hybrid parameters Sdq and Rdq representing the average slope of the surface features. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images are used as visual benchmarks to identify the parameters’ correlation with the visual appearance. A different linear trend of the relationship between Aq, Rdq, and Sdq is observed. The description of the surface quality through Sa or Sq instead is found to be insufficient. This is explained by means of SEM pictures showing a dramatic influence of the smeared material over the machined surface.",
keywords = "Scattered light sensor, Surface appearance, Machining",
author = "Biondani, {Francesco Giuseppe} and Giuliano Bissacco and Luk{\'a}š Piln{\'y} and Hansen, {Hans N{\o}rgaard}",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "261--269",
journal = "International Journal of Automation Technology",
issn = "1881-7629",
publisher = "Fuji Technology Press Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

Analysis and Characterization of Machined Surfaces with Aesthetic Functionality. / Biondani, Francesco Giuseppe; Bissacco, Giuliano; Pilný, Lukáš; Hansen, Hans Nørgaard.

In: International Journal of Automation Technology, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2019, p. 261-269.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis and Characterization of Machined Surfaces with Aesthetic Functionality

AU - Biondani, Francesco Giuseppe

AU - Bissacco, Giuliano

AU - Pilný, Lukáš

AU - Hansen, Hans Nørgaard

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The generation of fine machined surfaces with high gloss is an important topic in mould manufacturing. The surface gloss can be characterized by means of scattered light sensors and a representative parameter such as Aq. In this paper, in-line measurements of scattered light distribution are compared with roughness parameters calculated using a confocal microscope, in order to assess surface aesthetic quality. Several surfaces have been machined by means of high precision milling, producing different surface topographies. Surface characterization has been performed on a machine using a scattered light sensor, and using a confocal microscope in laboratory conditions. The calculated Aq parameter is compared with the amplitude roughness parameters Sa and Sq, and with hybrid parameters Sdq and Rdq representing the average slope of the surface features. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images are used as visual benchmarks to identify the parameters’ correlation with the visual appearance. A different linear trend of the relationship between Aq, Rdq, and Sdq is observed. The description of the surface quality through Sa or Sq instead is found to be insufficient. This is explained by means of SEM pictures showing a dramatic influence of the smeared material over the machined surface.

AB - The generation of fine machined surfaces with high gloss is an important topic in mould manufacturing. The surface gloss can be characterized by means of scattered light sensors and a representative parameter such as Aq. In this paper, in-line measurements of scattered light distribution are compared with roughness parameters calculated using a confocal microscope, in order to assess surface aesthetic quality. Several surfaces have been machined by means of high precision milling, producing different surface topographies. Surface characterization has been performed on a machine using a scattered light sensor, and using a confocal microscope in laboratory conditions. The calculated Aq parameter is compared with the amplitude roughness parameters Sa and Sq, and with hybrid parameters Sdq and Rdq representing the average slope of the surface features. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images are used as visual benchmarks to identify the parameters’ correlation with the visual appearance. A different linear trend of the relationship between Aq, Rdq, and Sdq is observed. The description of the surface quality through Sa or Sq instead is found to be insufficient. This is explained by means of SEM pictures showing a dramatic influence of the smeared material over the machined surface.

KW - Scattered light sensor

KW - Surface appearance

KW - Machining

M3 - Journal article

VL - 13

SP - 261

EP - 269

JO - International Journal of Automation Technology

JF - International Journal of Automation Technology

SN - 1881-7629

IS - 2

ER -