ANALYSING THE USE OF FOUR CREATIVITY TOOLS IN A CONSTRAINED DESIGN SITUATION

C.M. Snider, E.A. Dekoninck, H. Yue, Thomas J. Howard

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    This paper investigates creativity tools and their use within highly constrained design tasks. Previously, a coding scheme was developed to classify design changes as ‘Creative Modes of Change’. The coding scheme is used to compare the outcomes from the use of four creative tools (supported design) against unsupported design within a constrained task. The tools showed design space expansion, developing additional concepts to those from the unsupported stage. All four tools stimulated ‘Creative Modes of Change’, although the type varied depending on their operation. ‘Assumption Smashing’ and the ‘Contradiction Matrix’ usually stimulate extra function; ‘Analogies’ and ‘Trends of Evolution’ improve design performance. The former two usually produce ‘Creative Modes of Change’ as opposed to routine. The results show some links between the designer’s driving force, mode of change and the design outcome. ‘New Requirements’ as a driving force tend towards creative change and ‘Change in Function’; ‘Design Improvement’ leads to less creative change and ‘Change in Performance’. Hence a link may exist between the designer’s driver, the design outcome, and the ideal tool to complete the task.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th International Conference on Engineering Design : Impacting Society through Engineering Design
    Number of pages560
    VolumeVol.7 Human Behaviour in Design
    PublisherDesign Society
    Publication date2011
    Pages140-151
    ISBN (Print)978-1-904670-27-8
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    Event18th International Conference on Engineering Design : Impacting Society Through Engineering Design - Copenhagen, Denmark
    Duration: 15 Aug 201118 Aug 2011
    Conference number: 18
    http://www.iced11.org/

    Conference

    Conference18th International Conference on Engineering Design : Impacting Society Through Engineering Design
    Number18
    Country/TerritoryDenmark
    CityCopenhagen
    Period15/08/201118/08/2011
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • DESIGN
    • CREATIVITY
    • CONSTRAINED
    • TOOLS

    Cite this