An integrated approach to coastal and biological observations

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2019Researchpeer-review



  • Author: She, Jun

    Danish Meteorological Institute, Denmark

  • Author: Muñiz Piniella, Ángel

    Marine Board – European Science Foundation, Belgium

  • Author: Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro

    University of Pisa, Italy

  • Author: Boehme, Lars

    University of St Andrews, United Kingdom

  • Author: Boero, Ferdinando

    Euratom-ENEA-CNR Association, Italy

  • Author: Christensen, Asbjørn

    Section for Marine Living Resources, National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Kemitorvet, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Crowe, Tasman

    University College Dublin, Ireland

  • Author: Darecki, Miroslaw

    Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland

  • Author: Nogueira, Enrique

    Spanish Institute of Oceanography, Spain

  • Author: Gremare, Antoine

    University of Bordeaux, France

  • Author: Hernández, Francisco

    Flanders Marine Institute, Belgium

  • Author: Kouts, Tarmo

    Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia

  • Author: Kromkamp, Jacco

    Utrecht University, Netherlands

  • Author: Petihakis, George

    Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Greece

  • Author: Sousa-Pinto, Isabel

    University of Porto, Portugal

  • Author: Hinrich Reissmann, Jan

    Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency, Germany

  • Author: Tuomi, Laura

    Finnish Meteorological Institute, Finland

  • Author: Zingone, Adriana

    Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn Napoli, Italy

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Maritime economy, ecosystem-based management and climate change adaptation and mitigation raise emerging needs on coastal ocean and biological observations. Integrated ocean observing aims at optimizing sampling strategies and cost-efficiency, sharing data and best practices, and maximizing the value of the observations for multiple purposes. Recently developed cost-effective, near real time technology such as gliders, radars, ferrybox, and shallow water Argo floats, should be used operationally to generate operational coastal sea observations and analysis. Furthermore, value of disparate coastal ocean observations can be unlocked with multi-dimensional integration on fitness-for-the-purpose, parameter and instrumental. Integration of operational monitoring with offline monitoring programs, such as those for research, ecosystem-based management and commercial purposes, is necessary to fill the gaps. Such integration should lead to a system of networks which can deliver data for all kinds of purposes. Detailed integration activities are identified which should enhance the coastal ocean and biological observing capacity. Ultimately a program is required which integrates physical, biogeochemical and biological observation of the ocean, from coastal to deep-sea environments, bringing together global, regional, and local observation efforts.
Original languageEnglish
Article number314
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Publication statusPublished - 2019
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Integrated observing, Fit-for-purpose integration, Parameter integration, Instrumental integration, Coastal observation, Biological observation, Coordinated observation

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