An Indicator Framework for Evaluating Building Renovation Potential

Barbara Eschen Danielsen, Morten Niels Baxter, Per Sieverts Nielsen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Implementation of a new European Union directive on energy renovation in Denmark can be expected to have a strong impact on the country’s energy renovation requirements. Accordingly, an indicator framework has been developed with the aim of identifying and quantifying the energy renovation potential of a specific Danish municipality. We identified and selected four indicators—energy consumption, CO2 emissions, heating costs and current energy labels—specifically for detached dwellings. The physical renovation potential was then quantified based on the indicator results, and an average score for the four indicators was calculated for each of the 10,228 detached dwellings in the municipality. All four indicators were weighted equally in the calculations of the total renovation potential score. The methods used in this study can be applied more widely as they rank detached dwellings according to their renovation potential. However, we also found that more detailed data are necessary to determine the specific renovation potential of detached dwellings. A greater effort to collect more data on the part of the municipalities would improve the accuracy of analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number846
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Energy efficiency
  • Energy renovation
  • Municipal heat planning
  • Retrofitting
  • Sustainable indicator frameworks


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