An Auditory Model with Hearing Loss

Lars Bramsløw Nielsen

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An auditory model based on the psychophysics of hearing has been developed and tested. The model simulates the normal ear or an impaired ear with a given hearing loss. Based on reviews of the current literature, the frequency selectivity and loudness growth as functions of threshold and stimulus level have been found and implemented in the model.
The auditory model was verified against selected results from the literature, and it was confirmed that the normal spread of masking and loudness growth could be simulated in the model. The effects of hearing loss on these parameters was also in qualitative agreement with recent findings. The temporal properties of the ear have currently not been included in the model.
As an example of a real-world application of the model, loudness spectrograms for a speech utterance were presented. By introducing hearing loss, the speech sounds became less audible and less detailed, a problem that linear amplification did not solve properly. This demonstrated how the model could be used for hearing aid development and evaluation.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark
VolumeReport 52
Number of pages90
Publication statusPublished - 1993


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