Antibodies were raised against three synthetic peptides corresponding to sequences surrounding tyrosine 315, a putative in vitro phosphorylation site in polyomavirus middle-T antigen. Only one of the peptides (called C and corresponding to residues 311 to 330) elicited antibodies that recognized middle-T efficiently. Middle-T present in immunoprecipitates formed with purified anti-C serum still accepted phosphate on tyrosine in an in vitro kinase reaction. This implies that tyrosines other than 315 and 322 that lie within the antibody binding region are phosphorylated under these conditions. This conclusion was supported by the altered partial V8 proteolysis fingerprint of the labeled middle-T. Two-dimensional tryptic fingerprint analysis of 32P-labeled middle-T showed that several tryptic peptides identified as including tyrosine 315 and 322 were missing from middle-T labeled in anti-C immunoprecipitates compared with middle-T labeled in immunoprecipitates made by using anti-tumor cell serum. However, one major labeled peptide remained. This peptide was also present in fingerprints of 32P-labeled middle-T coded by M45, dl23, pAS131, and dl1013, but a peptide with altered mobility was present in dl8 middle-T. This identified the peptide as including tyrosine 250. We deduce from these data that (i) the presence of the antibody against peptide C inhibits phosphorylation of tyrosines 315 and 322; (ii) middle-T labeled in the kinase reaction after immunoprecipitation with anti-C serum is phosphorylated on tyrosine 250; and (iii) when anti-tumor cell serum is used in the in vitro kinase reaction, middle-T is phosphorylated at multiple sites, including residues 250, 315, and 322.