Characteristics specific to remote drought communities make fossil fuel based energy systems extremely expensive. Affordability and sometimes availability of petroleum diesel for meeting energy needs of such communities is an ever occurring daily problem. Coupled with this, is the highly volatile price of petroleum diesel. It has been argued that the Jatropha Curcas, an energy crop that grows on marginal soils that can be exploited effectively in combating desertification, addressing local energy needs and the attainment of socio-economic development. The Jatropha biodiesel, currently being promoted in some developing countries can be a suitable substitute for petroleum diesel. A simple technology has been developed in Ghana for the extraction of Jatropha biodiesel at the rural level using a manual bridge press. This paper examines the physico-chemical properties of Jatropha oil that makes it a cleaner and locally available diesel fuel substitute. The study assesses the potential impacts of the biodiesel on a rural economy and presents a conceptual development model for a sustained Jatropha biodiesel enterprise aimed at rural economic empowerment in drought prone remote communities.
|Journal||Forum der Forschung|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|