An ALMA Spectroscopic Survey of the Brightest Submillimeter Galaxies in the SCUBA-2-COSMOS Field (AS2COSPEC): Survey Description and First Results

Chian-Chou Chen*, Cheng-Lin Liao, Ian Smail, A. M. Swinbank, Y. Ao, A. J. Bunker, S. C. Chapman, B. Hatsukade, R. J. Ivison, Minju M. Lee, Stephen Serjeant, Hideki Umehata, Wei-Hao Wang, Y. Zhao

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We introduce an ALMA band 3 spectroscopic survey targeting the brightest submillimeter galaxies (SMGs) in the COSMOS field. Here we present the first results based on the 18 primary SMGs that have 870 μm flux densities of S 870 = 12.4–19.3 mJy and are drawn from a parent sample of 260 ALMA-detected SMGs from the AS2COSMOS survey. We detect emission lines in 17 and determine their redshifts to be in the range of z = 2–5 with a median of 3.3 ± 0.3. We confirm that SMGs with brighter S 870 are located at higher redshifts. The data additionally cover five fainter companion SMGs, and we obtain line detection in one. Together with previous studies, our results indicate that for SMGs that satisfy our selection, their brightest companion SMGs are physically associated with their corresponding primary SMGs ≥40% of the time, suggesting that mergers play a role in the triggering of star formation. By modeling the foreground gravitational fields, 2. We determine that about 90% of the primary SMGs have lines that are better described by double Gaussian profiles, and the median separation of the two Gaussian peaks is 430 ± 40 km s−1. This allows estimates of an average baryon mass, which, together with the line dispersion measurements, puts our primary SMGs on the similar mass–σ correlation found on local early-type galaxies. Finally, the number density of our z > 4 primary SMGs is found to be 1−0.6+0.9×10−6 cMpc−3, suggesting that they can be the progenitors of z ∼ 3−4 massive quiescent galaxies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number159
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume929
Issue number2
Number of pages22
ISSN0004-637X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Galaxy evolution
  • Galaxy formation
  • High-redshift galaxies
  • Galaxy distances
  • Galaxy counts
  • Interstellar line emission
  • Submillimeter astronomy
  • Strong gravitational lensing

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