Amplification and cloning of complete enterovirus genomes by long distance PCR

A Michael Lindberg, Charlotta Polacek, Susanne Johansson

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


A method for amplification and cloning of complete enterovirus cDNA genomes is described. Viral RNA was reverse transcribed using an optimized protocol and a reverse transcriptase with reduced RNase H activity. Amplicons corresponding to complete genomes of 14 prototype strains of group B coxsackieviruses and echoviruses were amplified using oligonucleotide primers derived from the Coxsackievirus B3 genomic sequence of the 5′ and 3′ ends and a mixture of thermostable DNA polymerases. Coxsackievirus B2 amplicon was then cloned and the terminal sequences of the insert were determined. Lipofection of individual clones resulted in productive Coxsackievirus B2 infection. The method described makes it possible to obtain large amounts of complete enterovirus cDNAs and simplifies the construction of infectious full-length cDNA clones. Successful amplification of all enterovirus prototype strains tested emphasizes the general use of the method described, which provides a rapid and efficient alternative to traditional cloning strategies.
Keyword: Coxsackievirus B; Echovirus; Infectious Coxsackievirus B2 clone; Lipofection; Polymerase chain reaction
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Virological Methods
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)191-199
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

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