Amorphous saturated Cerium-Tungsten-Titanium oxide nanofibers catalysts for NOx selective catalytic reaction

Apiwat Dankeaw, Fabrizio Gualandris, Rafael Hubert Silva, Kion Norrman, Mads Gudik-Sørensen, Kent Kammer Hansen, Bussarin Ksapabutr, Vincenzo Esposito*, Debora Marani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Herein for the first time, Ce0.184W0.07Ti0.748O2-δ nanofibers are prepared by electrospinning to serve as catalyst in the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) process. The addition of cerium is proven to inhibit crystallization of TiO2, yielding an amorphous TiOx-based solid solution stable up to 500 °C in air, with supersaturated substitutional Ce. However, at higher temepratures, anatase phase (titanium oxide) is then observed along with fluorite (cerium oxide). Tungsten is instead demonstrated to promote the reduction of the Ce4+ to Ce3+ with formation of oxygen vacancies (δ). Catalytic experiments at the best working conditions (dry and in absence of SO2) are performed to characterize the intrinsic catalytic behavior of the new catalysts. At temeprature lower than 300 °C, superior NOx conversion properties of the amorphous TiOx nanofibers over the crystallized TiO2 (anatase) nanofibers are obsreved and attributed to higher specific surface area (SSA), larger amount of oxygen vacancies, and higher amount of Ce3+ over the Ce4+. Comparison with literature data for ceria-tungsten-based nanoperticles also points out higher catalytic performances for the the deveoped nanofibers at the lowest temperatures (< 300°C). This is mainly attributed to the unique nanofibrous morpholgy and to the doping approach. Stability of the amorphous Ce-W-TiOx nanofibers over time (120 h) and over a number of cycles (5) is demonstrated. Yet, superior catalytic performances of the developed catalysts in a wide range of temperatures (200-500 °C) over state-of-the-art material V-W-titania nanoparticles and nanofibers are also proven.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNew Journal of Chemistry
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)9501-9509
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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