Bulk and local magnetic properties were studied in [1 nm B + 1 nm 57Fe + x nm Ag]5, x = 1, 2, 4, 5 and 10, multilayer samples. Although Ag does not mix with either of the other two elements the magnetic properties of the multilayers are strongly influenced by the Ag thickness below x = 5, whereas no such effect is observed above this value. The Mössbauer measurements indicate a complete amorphization of the thin Fe layers in each sample, as a result of intermixing with the B layers. The variation of the magnetic properties is explained by the variation of the average B concentration of the amorphous Fe–B layers, which depends on the thickness of the Ag barrier layers. The magnetization measurements indicate ferromagnetic behaviour of the ultra-thin amorphous layers with the presence of less than 10% superparamagnetic moments for x = 5 and 10. The average B concentration of the amorphous Fe–B alloy, as estimated from the Fe hyperfine fields, is around 40 at%. It is significantly lower than the 60 at% nominal B concentration, suggesting the presence of an unalloyed B layer, as well. This picture is supported by transmission electron microscopy investigations which reveal two amorphous layers of different B concentration in between the crystalline Ag layers.
|Journal||Journal of Alloys and Compounds|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
|Event||17th International Symposium on Metastable, Amorphous and Nanostructured Materials - Zurich, Switzerland|
Duration: 4 Jul 2010 → 9 Jul 2010
|Conference||17th International Symposium on Metastable, Amorphous and Nanostructured Materials|
|Period||04/07/2010 → 09/07/2010|