Pig slurry contains sufficient amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium for plant growth. If appropriately administered, this could substitute significant amounts of fertilizer. However, excessive fertilization with slurry causes environmental problems. To reduce environmental issues, solid-liquid separation or anaerobic digestion is needed to obtain a better distribution of nutrients. Solid-liquid separation produces a solid fraction rich in phosphorus and a liquid fraction containing ammonia, potassium, and high water content. Therefore, further concentration of ammonia is desired for any practical use. In this study, ammonia membrane stripping was carried out using polypropylene membranes and the impact of temperature, flow velocities, and liquid fraction pretreatment on the membrane contactor performance was tested. Sieved liquid effluents from a decanter centrifuge, a screw press, an AL-2 system (flocculation and filtration), and an anaerobic digester were tested. Since the properties of these liquid effluents vary, they might affect ammonia recovery. Thus, it is essential to investigate which effluent is most suitable as a feed for a membrane contactor and what is the cost of preprocessing. The mean ammonia mass transfer coefficient at 30 °C was found to be equal to 17 ± 2 × 10−3 m h−1. At 50 °C, it was found to be equal to 29 ± 2 × 10−3 m h−1 for all the tested effluents. This means that sieving after slurry separation or anaerobic digestion alleviates the influence the solid-liquid separation has on ammonia membrane stripping. However, the cost evaluation showed that solid-liquid separation using a decanter centrifuge followed by sieve draining is the cheapest of the methods investigated.
|Journal||Water, Air & Soil Pollution: Focus|
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|