Ammonia - LCFA synergetic co-inhibition effect in manure-based continuous biomethanation process

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

259 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In the current study it has been hypothesized that, when organic loading of an anaerobic reactor is increased, the additional cell biomass biosynthesis would capture more ammonia nitrogen and thereby reduce the ammonia toxicity. Therefore, the alleviation of the toxicity of high ammonia levels using lipids (glycerol trioleate-GTO) or carbohydrates (glucose-GLU) as co-substrates in manure-based thermophilic continuous stirred-tank reactors (RGTO and RGLU, respectively) was tested. At 5 g NH4+-N L−1, relative methane production of RGTO and RGLU, was 10.5% and 41% compared to the expected uninhibited production, respectively. At the same time control reactor (RCTL), only fed with manure, reached 32.7% compared to the uninhibited basis production. Therefore, it seems that using lipids to counteract the ammonia effect in CSTR reactors creates an “ammonia–LCFA (long chain fatty acids) synergetic co-inhibition” effect. Moreover, co-digestion with glucose in RGLU was more robust to ammonia toxicity compared to RCTL.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume209
Pages (from-to)282-289
ISSN0960-8524
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Ammonia toxicity
  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Co-digestion
  • Hydrogenotrophic methanogens
  • Lipids

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ammonia - LCFA synergetic co-inhibition effect in manure-based continuous biomethanation process'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this