Ameliorating quercetin constraints in cancer therapy with pH-responsive agarose-polyvinylpyrrolidone -hydroxyapatite nanocomposite encapsulated in double nanoemulsion

Amirmasoud Samadi, Mehrab Pourmadadi, Fatemeh Yazdian*, Hamid Rashedi*, Mona Navaei-Nigjeh, Tatiane Eufrásio da Silva

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Despite quercetin (QC) promising features for cancer therapy, low solubility, poor permeability, and short biological half-life time significantly confine its application in cancer therapy. In this study, a novel approach is developed to improve loading efficiency and attain quercetin sustained-release concurrently. In this direction, hydrogel nanocomposite of agarose (AG)-polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-hydroxyapatite (HAp) was loaded with QC. Incorporating HAp nanoparticles in the AG-PVP hydrogel improved the loading efficiency up to 61%. Also, the interactions between nanoparticle, drug, and hydrogel polymers rendered the nanocomposite pH-responsive at acidic conditions and controlled the burst release at neutral conditions. Then, QC-loaded hydrogel was encapsulated into the water in oil in water nanoemulsions to further sustain the drug release. As a result, the pH-responsive release of QC with prolonged-release over 96 h was observed. In more detail, according to the Korsmeyer-Peppas mathematical model, the mechanism of release was anomalous (diffusion-controlled) at pH 7.4 and anomalous transport (dissolution-controlled) at pH 5.4. The presence of all nanocomposite components was confirmed with FTIR analysis, and XRD results approved the incorporation of QC in the fabricated nanocomposite. The homogeneous surface of the nanocomposite in FESEM images showed good compatibility between components. The zeta potential analysis confirmed the good stability of the nanocarriers. Besides, the fabricated AG-PVP-HAp-QC platform showed significant cytotoxicity on MCF-7 cells compared to QC as a free drug (p 
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
ISSN0141-8130
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

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