Altruistic Backoff: Collision Avoidance for Receiver-Initiated MAC Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks

Xenofon Fafoutis, Charalampos Orfanidis, Nicola Dragoni

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Abstract

In receiver-initiated medium access control (MAC) protocols for wireless sensor networks, communication is initiated by the receiver node which transmits beacons indicating its availability to receive data. In the case of multiple senders having traffic for a given receiver, such beacons form points where collisions are likely to happen. In this paper, we present altruistic backoff (AB), a novel collision avoidance mechanism that aims to avoid collisions before the transmission of a beacon. As a result of an early backoff, senders spend less time in idle listening waiting for a beacon, thus saving significant amounts of energy. We present an implementation of AB for Texas Instruments' eZ430-rf2500 sensor nodes and we evaluate its performance with simulations and experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Article number576401
JournalInternational Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
Volume2014
Number of pages11
ISSN1550-1329
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

Article ID 576401

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