Alternative Layouts for the Carbon Capture with the Chilled Ammonia Process

Gianluca Valenti, Davide Bonalumi, Philip Loldrup Fosbøl, Ennio Macchi, Kaj Thomsen, Dominicc Gatti

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Abstract

Many alternatives are being investigated for the carbon capture, but none appears to have been proved as the choice for full-scale applications. This work considers the Chilled Ammonia Process for coal-fired Ultra Super Critical power plants. Three layouts are simulated with Aspen Plus and the Extended UNIQUAC thermodynamic model. Compared to a traditional layout, stripping of the wash water of the absorber or, better, splitting the rich solution between the middle and the top of the column limits greatly the ammonia slip. Moreover, splitting the regeneration over two levels reduces substantially the electric loss due to stream extraction from the turbine. The simulations show that the net electric efficiency drops from 45.5% to 33.5-34.5%, the SPECCA index is 3.8-4.3 MJth kgCO2–1 and the heat duties are 2.7-2.9 MJth kgCO2–1. The performances may improve greatly upon optimization of the parameters
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume37
Pages (from-to)2076-2083
ISSN1876-6102
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventGHGT-11: 11th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 18 Nov 201222 Nov 2012
http://www.ghgt.info/docs/GHGT-11/GHGT-11%20Programme%20Final%20web.pdf

Conference

ConferenceGHGT-11
CountryJapan
CityKyoto
Period18/11/201222/11/2012
Internet address

Keywords

  • Carbon capture
  • Chemical absorption
  • Ammonia aqueous solution
  • Chilled ammonia process;
  • Process layouts

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