All-Optical Switching Improvement Using Photonic-Crystal Fano Structures

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Abstract

We investigate the intensity and phase response of optical switches based on a photonic crystal waveguide coupled to a nanocavity. In particular, we compare the performances of switches with traditional Lorentzian transmission spectrum to switches displaying an asymmetric Fano shape, as obtained by incorporating a partially transmitting element in the waveguide. Compared to traditional Lorentzian structures, the Fano structure shows improved switching contrast and speed without adding any extra phase modulation, corresponding to a much lower chirp parameter. Using a simple and ultracompact InP photonic-crystal Fano structure with broken mirror symmetry, we experimentally demonstrate 20-Gb/s all-optical switching with low-energy consumption.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0600108
JournalIEEE Photonics Journal
Volume8
Issue number2
Number of pages9
ISSN1943-0655
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Nonlinear optical devices
  • Photonic crystals
  • Fano resonance
  • All-optical devices

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