All-black front surfaces for building-integrated photovoltaics

Beniamino Iandolo*, Io Mizushima, Rasmus S. Davidsen, Peter T. Tang, Ole Hansen

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Widespread implementation of building integrating photovoltaics requires aesthetically pleasant panels. Black surfaces are often visually appealing and, if based on a black photoabsorber, may lead to increased panel efficiency. Here, we demonstrate a combination of black silicon and black ribbons (or bus-bars), both fabricated with methods that are compatible with production lines of screen-printed, front contacted solar panels. Maskless, non-cryogenic reactive ion etch of silicon and subsequent coating with aluminum oxide for passivation purposes results in average reflectance of less than 1% in the UV–vis part of the solar spectrum, and in minority carrier lifetimes similar to those obtained on polished reference samples thanks to minimized surface damage, as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. Inorganic blackening of bus-bars by a combination of electroplating and chemical etching results in reflectance values lower than 3.5% in the UV–vis, with no modifications to standard stringing equipment required.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number08RH01
    JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
    Volume57
    Issue number8
    ISSN0021-4922
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Cite this

    @article{579432fd8e98461ca2358b16525246b8,
    title = "All-black front surfaces for building-integrated photovoltaics",
    abstract = "Widespread implementation of building integrating photovoltaics requires aesthetically pleasant panels. Black surfaces are often visually appealing and, if based on a black photoabsorber, may lead to increased panel efficiency. Here, we demonstrate a combination of black silicon and black ribbons (or bus-bars), both fabricated with methods that are compatible with production lines of screen-printed, front contacted solar panels. Maskless, non-cryogenic reactive ion etch of silicon and subsequent coating with aluminum oxide for passivation purposes results in average reflectance of less than 1{\%} in the UV–vis part of the solar spectrum, and in minority carrier lifetimes similar to those obtained on polished reference samples thanks to minimized surface damage, as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. Inorganic blackening of bus-bars by a combination of electroplating and chemical etching results in reflectance values lower than 3.5{\%} in the UV–vis, with no modifications to standard stringing equipment required.",
    author = "Beniamino Iandolo and Io Mizushima and Davidsen, {Rasmus S.} and Tang, {Peter T.} and Ole Hansen",
    year = "2018",
    doi = "10.7567/JJAP.57.08RH01",
    language = "English",
    volume = "57",
    journal = "Japanese Journal of Applied Physics",
    issn = "0021-4922",
    publisher = "IOP Publishing",
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    }

    All-black front surfaces for building-integrated photovoltaics. / Iandolo, Beniamino; Mizushima, Io; Davidsen, Rasmus S.; Tang, Peter T.; Hansen, Ole.

    In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 57, No. 8, 08RH01, 2018.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - All-black front surfaces for building-integrated photovoltaics

    AU - Iandolo, Beniamino

    AU - Mizushima, Io

    AU - Davidsen, Rasmus S.

    AU - Tang, Peter T.

    AU - Hansen, Ole

    PY - 2018

    Y1 - 2018

    N2 - Widespread implementation of building integrating photovoltaics requires aesthetically pleasant panels. Black surfaces are often visually appealing and, if based on a black photoabsorber, may lead to increased panel efficiency. Here, we demonstrate a combination of black silicon and black ribbons (or bus-bars), both fabricated with methods that are compatible with production lines of screen-printed, front contacted solar panels. Maskless, non-cryogenic reactive ion etch of silicon and subsequent coating with aluminum oxide for passivation purposes results in average reflectance of less than 1% in the UV–vis part of the solar spectrum, and in minority carrier lifetimes similar to those obtained on polished reference samples thanks to minimized surface damage, as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. Inorganic blackening of bus-bars by a combination of electroplating and chemical etching results in reflectance values lower than 3.5% in the UV–vis, with no modifications to standard stringing equipment required.

    AB - Widespread implementation of building integrating photovoltaics requires aesthetically pleasant panels. Black surfaces are often visually appealing and, if based on a black photoabsorber, may lead to increased panel efficiency. Here, we demonstrate a combination of black silicon and black ribbons (or bus-bars), both fabricated with methods that are compatible with production lines of screen-printed, front contacted solar panels. Maskless, non-cryogenic reactive ion etch of silicon and subsequent coating with aluminum oxide for passivation purposes results in average reflectance of less than 1% in the UV–vis part of the solar spectrum, and in minority carrier lifetimes similar to those obtained on polished reference samples thanks to minimized surface damage, as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. Inorganic blackening of bus-bars by a combination of electroplating and chemical etching results in reflectance values lower than 3.5% in the UV–vis, with no modifications to standard stringing equipment required.

    U2 - 10.7567/JJAP.57.08RH01

    DO - 10.7567/JJAP.57.08RH01

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 57

    JO - Japanese Journal of Applied Physics

    JF - Japanese Journal of Applied Physics

    SN - 0021-4922

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    M1 - 08RH01

    ER -