Algorithms for the mitigation of space weather threats at low latitudes, contributing to the extension of EGNOS over Africa

B. Forte, F. Da Dalt, T. Panicciari, T. Talini Pinto Jayawardena, C. Mitchell, N. Wilhelm, D. Serant, A. Zin, L. Marradi, R. Muscinelli, R. Fiordiponti, V. Sreeja, M. Aquino, F. Dovis, L. Alfonsi, L. Spogli, G. De Franceschi, I. Haggström, C.-F. Enell, P. ChawdhryPer Høeg, Hans-Henrik von Benzon, M. Pozoga, T. Kos, E. Henley, D. Jackson

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Abstract

GNSS is already a technology that pervades modern lifestyles and over the last decade has become integral to many of our transport systems. One of the major barriers to the development of GNSS for safety-critical services such as aviation comes from the unknown threats from Space Weather.In order to overcome the intrinsic limitation posed by space weather, regional systems called Satellite Based Augmentation Systems (SBAS) have been developed. The European region has a system called EGNOS. The idea behind these systems is to ensure that integrity information is provided to the GNSS user. Part of the function of an SBAS system is to map 2the ionised regions of the upper atmosphere (the ionosphere) to enable specialist aviation GNSS receivers to make corrections for the ionospheric delay and hence to achieve a more accurate position. This is very important but more critical still is the capability to know how accurate a position is at a given time and this is also an important function of SBAS. However, the SBAS systems still have significant limitations that prevent the extension of the EGNOS system into new geographical regions and this project addresses these limitations.Within the framework of A EC-funded project, algorithms to mitigate against space weather vulnerabilities (i.e. ionisation gradients and scintillation) at both receiver and system level are investigated and prepared.From the point of view of ionization gradients, worst-case scenarios characterized through diverse datasets were prepared and used to simulate EGNOS performance at low latitudes in Africa. Furthermore, alternative methods to calculate grid corrections and errors were investigated and evaluated against the state of the art (Figure 1). From the point of view of scintillation, two dedicated GISMO monitoring stations were installed in San Pedro and Brazzaville with the purpose to assess the impact of scintillation on EGNOS availability maps as well as on the performance of the receiver in the presence of scintillation (Figure 2). Algorithms capable of minimizing the impact of scintillaRecent developments in the framework of the aforementioned activities will be illustrated and discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2016
Number of pages3
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event2016 Beacon Satellite Symposium - The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy
Duration: 27 Jun 20161 Jul 2016
http://t-ict4d.ictp.it/beacon2016

Conference

Conference2016 Beacon Satellite Symposium
LocationThe Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics
CountryItaly
CityTrieste
Period27/06/201601/07/2016
Internet address

Keywords

  • SBAS
  • TEC maps
  • Scintillation

Cite this

Forte, B., Da Dalt, F., Panicciari, T., Jayawardena, T. T. P., Mitchell, C., Wilhelm, N., Serant, D., Zin, A., Marradi, L., Muscinelli, R., Fiordiponti, R., Sreeja, V., Aquino, M., Dovis, F., Alfonsi, L., Spogli, L., De Franceschi, G., Haggström, I., Enell, C-F., ... Jackson, D. (2016). Algorithms for the mitigation of space weather threats at low latitudes, contributing to the extension of EGNOS over Africa. Abstract from 2016 Beacon Satellite Symposium , Trieste, Italy.