Airflow characteristics and pollution distribution around a thermal manikin - Impact of specific personal and indoor environmental factors

Dusan Licina, Kwok Wai Tham, Arsen Krikor Melikov, Chandra Sekhar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This study presents a summary of experimental measurements on the airflow characteristics and pollution distribution around a non-breathing thermal manikin. The two objectives are: (1) to examine the extent to which personal (body posture, clothing insulation, table positioning) and environmental factors (room air temperature and ventilation flow) affect the airflow characteristic (velocity and temperature) around the thermal manikin and (2) to examine the pollution distribution within the convective boundary layer (CBL) around a thermal manikin and personal exposure to two types of airborne pollutants under factors that influence the CBL. The results show that the CBL generated by the thermal manikin influenced the airflow characteristics and pollution distribution in the breathing zone. Parameters such as room air temperature, body posture, clothing insulation, table positioning, and ventilation flow considerably affected airflow characteristics and pollution distribution around the thermal manikin. Under the specific set of conditions studied, the most favorable airflow patterns in preventing the feet pollution from reaching the breathing zone was transverse flow from the front, as it minimized the exposure at the minimum supply air velocity. Certain airflow directions exhibited a nonlinear dependence between the supply airflow rate and personal exposure. This suggests that without a better understanding of the airflow patterns in a room, the ventilation rate may therefore be increased in vain.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 ASHRAE Winter Conference
Number of pages14
Volume122
PublisherAmerican Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers
Publication date2016
Pages366-379
ISBN (Electronic)9781939200259
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event2016 ASHRAE Winter Conference - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: 23 Jan 201627 Jan 2016

Conference

Conference2016 ASHRAE Winter Conference
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period23/01/201627/01/2016
SeriesA S H R A E Transactions
ISSN0001-2505

Cite this

Licina, D., Tham, K. W., Melikov, A. K., & Sekhar, C. (2016). Airflow characteristics and pollution distribution around a thermal manikin - Impact of specific personal and indoor environmental factors. In 2016 ASHRAE Winter Conference (Vol. 122, pp. 366-379). American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers. A S H R A E Transactions