Detection of aircrafts in satellite images is a challenging problem when the background is strongly reflective clouds with varying transparency. We develop a fast and effective detection algorithm that can find almost all aircrafts above and between clouds in Sentinel-2 multispectral images. It exploits the time delay of a few seconds between the recorded multispectral images such that a moving aircraft is observed at different positions due to parallax effects. The aircraft speed, heading and altitude are also calculated accurately. Analysing images over the English Channel during fall 2020, we obtain a detection accuracy of 80%, where the most of the remaining were covered by clouds. We also analyse images in the 1.38 µm water absorption band, where only 61% of the aircrafts are detected.
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- Multispectral imaging
- Remote sensing