Air-conditioning in the 21st century: impact on human productivity and energy consumption

Povl Ole Fanger

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


    Although air-conditioning has played a positive role for economic development in warm climates, its image is globally mixed. Field studies demonstrate that there are substantial numbers of dissatisfied people in many buildings, among them those suffering from Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) symptoms, even though existing standards and guidelines are met. A paradigm shift from rather mediocre to excellent indoor environments is foreseen in the 21st century. Elements of such a paradigm shift towards excellence are suggested. New research data document the positive impact of an excellent indoor environment on human productivity, health and comfort. The principles of excellence can be provided with moderate energy consumption. But the success of excellent indoor environments will increase the demand for improvement globally and the required energy supply will provide a challenge for the world engineering community in the future.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProc. of World Engineers' Convention
    Place of PublicationHannover
    Publication date2000
    Publication statusPublished - 2000
    EventWorld Engineers' Convention 2000: Humankind – Nature – Technology - Hannover, Germany
    Duration: 19 Jun 200020 Jun 2000


    ConferenceWorld Engineers' Convention 2000

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