AI-Based Design with Data Trimming for Hybrid Phase Shift Modulation for Minimum-Current-Stress Dual Active Bridge Converter

Fanfan Lin, Xin Zhang, Xinze Li, Changjiang Sun, Tiberiu Gabriel Zsurzsan, Wenjian Cai, Chang Wang

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Dual active bridge (DAB) topology has been recognized as the key circuit for the next generation of high-frequency-link power conversion systems. In order to realize desired operating performance, DAB modulation strategies need to be selected carefully. Different modulation strategies have been considered and combined into a hybrid one, which is able to fully optimize performance. However, to develop a hybrid modulation strategy, the conventional methods including harmonic model and piecewise model have difficulty in balancing modeling accuracy and manpower burden. Although recent data-driven modulation approaches can automate the design process, the accuracy of data-driven models decreases nontrivially with the existence of outliers and without sufficient data. Hence, to alleviate human-dependence and improve modeling accuracy, this paper proposes an AI-based design with data trimming (AI-DT) for hybrid phase shift modulation. Two two-degree-of-freedom modulation strategies are considered for the sake of optimal current stress performance. AI-DT firstly adopts the one-class support vector machine (SVM) to exclude outliers. Second, the state-of-the-art extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost), which is insensitive to training data size, is adopted to build data-driven current stress models for the DAB converter. After that, differential evolution (DE) algorithm helps to choose modulation strategy and optimize modulation parameters for optimal current stress. Generally, the proposed AI-DT is developed in an automated fashion, which largely relieves manual computational complexity while exhibiting satisfactory modulation accuracy. The effectiveness of the proposed AI-DT approach has been experimentally verified with a 1kW hardware prototype, realizing optimal current stress under full operating conditions with more than 96.5% as peak efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics
Number of pages13
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


  • Dual active bridge
  • Phase shift modulation
  • Hybrid modulation
  • Current stress
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Outlier detection
  • XGBoost
  • Differential evolution algorithm


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