Agricultural soils, pesticides and microbial diversity

Mathis Hjort Hjelmsø, Carsten Suhr Jacobsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

Pesticide effects on microbial community structure and activity in soil are reviewed, showing that methodological developments within the past few years have generated new possibilities for assessing pesticide effects. The first example is the use of mRNA quantification showing that nitrification processes are indeed very susceptible to some pesticides, and that there is correlation between the mRNA transcript quantity and the nitrification rate. The second example is devoted to pesticides influencing microbial community structures. The emergence of high throughput sequencing techniques now allows a more detailed analysis of which bacterial species are influenced. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Opinion in Biotechnology
Volume27
Pages (from-to)15-20
Number of pages6
ISSN0958-1669
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Microorganisms
  • Nitrification
  • Social sciences
  • Pesticide effects
  • fungicide
  • herbicide
  • insecticide
  • messenger RNA
  • pesticide
  • ribosome RNA
  • agricultural waste
  • bacterium
  • bioavailability
  • community structure
  • high throughput sequencing
  • limit of quantitation
  • microbial activity
  • microbial community
  • microbial diversity
  • nitrification
  • priority journal
  • review
  • RNA transcription
  • soil analysis
  • soil fumigation
  • soil microflora
  • Agricultural soils
  • Bacterial species
  • High-throughput sequencing
  • Microbial community structures
  • Microbial diversity
  • Nitrification process
  • Nitrification rates

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