Agglomeration in Fluidized Bed Gasification of Biomass

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Abstract

Fluidized beds (FB) are widely applied to gasification of biomass due to its advantages of high fuel flexibility and conversion. However, bed agglomeration induced by the high content of alkali compounds can have strong impact on the operation of a FB gasifier and may lead to defluidization and unscheduled plant shutdown in severe cases. Agglomeration at high temperature, such as combustion and gasification, is mainly attributed to the presence of molten phase, i.e. the low melting point alkali containing compounds originated from biomass. During gasification, the alkali species in biomass can be transformed into gaseous phase, such as KCl and KOH vapor, and condensed phase, such as K2SO4 aerosols and K-silicates particles, depending on the local conditions. The interactions of the alkali species with bed materials (mainly SiO2) may result in the formation of molten phase, causing agglomeration. However, the agglomeration tendencies and mechanisms during biomass gasification with different gasification agents are still not fully understood.
In this work, the agglomeration behaviors of different types of biomass during gasification are studied in a lab-scale fluidized bed reactor. The impact of the composition of biomass, e.g. types of biomass, and the operational conditions, such as temperature and gasification agents (steam and CO2), are studied. The different agglomeration mechanisms are revealed based on SEM-EDX analyses of the agglomerate samples and chemical equilibrium calculations.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2019
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event Fluidization XVI - Guilin, China
Duration: 26 May 201931 May 2019

Conference

Conference Fluidization XVI
CountryChina
CityGuilin
Period26/05/201931/05/2019

Cite this

@conference{75da940211b74a7dabc715454a722def,
title = "Agglomeration in Fluidized Bed Gasification of Biomass",
abstract = "Fluidized beds (FB) are widely applied to gasification of biomass due to its advantages of high fuel flexibility and conversion. However, bed agglomeration induced by the high content of alkali compounds can have strong impact on the operation of a FB gasifier and may lead to defluidization and unscheduled plant shutdown in severe cases. Agglomeration at high temperature, such as combustion and gasification, is mainly attributed to the presence of molten phase, i.e. the low melting point alkali containing compounds originated from biomass. During gasification, the alkali species in biomass can be transformed into gaseous phase, such as KCl and KOH vapor, and condensed phase, such as K2SO4 aerosols and K-silicates particles, depending on the local conditions. The interactions of the alkali species with bed materials (mainly SiO2) may result in the formation of molten phase, causing agglomeration. However, the agglomeration tendencies and mechanisms during biomass gasification with different gasification agents are still not fully understood.In this work, the agglomeration behaviors of different types of biomass during gasification are studied in a lab-scale fluidized bed reactor. The impact of the composition of biomass, e.g. types of biomass, and the operational conditions, such as temperature and gasification agents (steam and CO2), are studied. The different agglomeration mechanisms are revealed based on SEM-EDX analyses of the agglomerate samples and chemical equilibrium calculations.",
author = "Liyan Zhao and Weigang Lin and Hao Wu and Kim Dam-Johansen",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
note = "Fluidization XVI ; Conference date: 26-05-2019 Through 31-05-2019",

}

Zhao, L, Lin, W, Wu, H & Dam-Johansen, K 2019, 'Agglomeration in Fluidized Bed Gasification of Biomass', Fluidization XVI, Guilin, China, 26/05/2019 - 31/05/2019.

Agglomeration in Fluidized Bed Gasification of Biomass. / Zhao, Liyan; Lin, Weigang; Wu, Hao; Dam-Johansen, Kim.

2019. Abstract from Fluidization XVI, Guilin, China.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

TY - ABST

T1 - Agglomeration in Fluidized Bed Gasification of Biomass

AU - Zhao, Liyan

AU - Lin, Weigang

AU - Wu, Hao

AU - Dam-Johansen, Kim

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Fluidized beds (FB) are widely applied to gasification of biomass due to its advantages of high fuel flexibility and conversion. However, bed agglomeration induced by the high content of alkali compounds can have strong impact on the operation of a FB gasifier and may lead to defluidization and unscheduled plant shutdown in severe cases. Agglomeration at high temperature, such as combustion and gasification, is mainly attributed to the presence of molten phase, i.e. the low melting point alkali containing compounds originated from biomass. During gasification, the alkali species in biomass can be transformed into gaseous phase, such as KCl and KOH vapor, and condensed phase, such as K2SO4 aerosols and K-silicates particles, depending on the local conditions. The interactions of the alkali species with bed materials (mainly SiO2) may result in the formation of molten phase, causing agglomeration. However, the agglomeration tendencies and mechanisms during biomass gasification with different gasification agents are still not fully understood.In this work, the agglomeration behaviors of different types of biomass during gasification are studied in a lab-scale fluidized bed reactor. The impact of the composition of biomass, e.g. types of biomass, and the operational conditions, such as temperature and gasification agents (steam and CO2), are studied. The different agglomeration mechanisms are revealed based on SEM-EDX analyses of the agglomerate samples and chemical equilibrium calculations.

AB - Fluidized beds (FB) are widely applied to gasification of biomass due to its advantages of high fuel flexibility and conversion. However, bed agglomeration induced by the high content of alkali compounds can have strong impact on the operation of a FB gasifier and may lead to defluidization and unscheduled plant shutdown in severe cases. Agglomeration at high temperature, such as combustion and gasification, is mainly attributed to the presence of molten phase, i.e. the low melting point alkali containing compounds originated from biomass. During gasification, the alkali species in biomass can be transformed into gaseous phase, such as KCl and KOH vapor, and condensed phase, such as K2SO4 aerosols and K-silicates particles, depending on the local conditions. The interactions of the alkali species with bed materials (mainly SiO2) may result in the formation of molten phase, causing agglomeration. However, the agglomeration tendencies and mechanisms during biomass gasification with different gasification agents are still not fully understood.In this work, the agglomeration behaviors of different types of biomass during gasification are studied in a lab-scale fluidized bed reactor. The impact of the composition of biomass, e.g. types of biomass, and the operational conditions, such as temperature and gasification agents (steam and CO2), are studied. The different agglomeration mechanisms are revealed based on SEM-EDX analyses of the agglomerate samples and chemical equilibrium calculations.

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -