Agglomeration and Deposition Behaviour of Solid Recovered Fuel

Morten Nedergaard Pedersen, Peter Arendt Jensen, Mads Nielsen , Klaus Hjuler , Kim Dam-Johansen

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Waste derived fuels such as Solid Recovered Fuel (SRF) are increasingly being used in the cement industry as a means to reduce cost [1]. SRF is produced by separating the combustible fraction from industrial or municipal solid waste (MSW). The recovered fraction has a higher content of combustible materials such as plastic and paper than mixed MSW [2]. The inhomogeneous nature of SRF [3] makes it difficult to combust and many problems may arise concerning e.g. combustion control, feeding of fuel [2,4], deposit formation [5], or accumulation of impurities [3]. Laboratory ash fusion tests typically show that SRF ash starts melting in the range of 1150-1200 °C [6–8], which is somewhat lower than most coal ashes. However, experiments performed in fluidized bed has shown agglomeration taking place as low as 970-990 °C [9,10], and the predictability by ash fusion tests is generally poor [10]. SRF contains significant quantities of common plastics such as polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Fluidized bed experiments to examine the pyrolysis of polymers have shown that bed agglomeration can result from melting plastics or sticky char residues in the case of PET [11,12]. The main objective of this study was to characterize the combustion of SRF and especially the deposition propensity of SRF and the main constituents of SRF. This relates both to the low temperature deposits formed during plastic pyrolysis and the high temperature deposits formed by ash. The issues reported in the literature regarding plastic pyrolysis will here be investigated at temperatures above 800 °C that are more common in combustion. It will also be attempted to determine if SRF ash may cause issues below 1000 °C, as indicated by some literature results.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of The Nordic Flame Days 2015
Number of pages6
Publication date2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventThe Nordic Flame Days 2015 - Comwell Borupgaard Hotel , Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 6 Oct 20157 Oct 2015


ConferenceThe Nordic Flame Days 2015
LocationComwell Borupgaard Hotel
Internet address


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