Agent-based Identification and Control of Voltage Emergency Situations

Lena Robitzky, Johannes Tilman Gabriel Weckesser, Ulf Häger, Christian Rehtanz, Thierry Van Cutsem

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Changing dynamics of power systems caused by the migration from conventional to distributed energy sources increase the risk of blackouts due to voltage instability, especially in case of unforeseen network conditions (e.g., (N-k)-cases). To enable a both secure and efficient power supply, novel monitoring and emergency control systems for the identification of voltage emergency situations as well as the execution of control actions are required that react reliably in due time and adaptively in case of changing network situations. This paper presents a distributed agent-based approach to counteract voltage instability that is based solely on local measurements and limited inter-agent communication. Distributed agents located at substations in the (sub-)transmission network monitor distribution and transmission voltages as well as load tap changer positions and are able to autonomously curtail load in case system stability is endangered. The applicability of the approach is demonstrated in a co-simulation environment interfacing the multi-agent system with a dynamic power system simulation. The presented approach allows for an early detection
of voltage instability as well as a coordinated execution of available control actions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIET Generation Transmission and Distribution
Number of pages9
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017
Externally publishedYes


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