Age-Related Changes in Clinical and Analytical Variables in Chronic Hemodialyzed Patients

Luís Belo*, Maria João Valente, Susana Rocha, Susana Coimbra, Cristina Catarino, Irina Lousa, Elsa Bronze-da-Rocha, Petronila Rocha-Pereira, Maria do Sameiro-Faria, José Gerardo Oliveira, José Madureira, João Carlos Fernandes, Vasco Miranda, José Pedro L. Nunes, Alice Santos-Silva

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Worldwide, the number of elderly individuals receiving chronic hemodialysis is rising. The aim of our study was to evaluate several clinical and analytical biomarkers in chronically dialyzed patients and analyze how they change with age. A cross-sectional study was performed by evaluating 289 end-stage renal disease patients undergoing dialysis. We evaluated the hemogram, adipokines, the lipid profile, and several markers related to inflammation, endothelial function/fibrinolysis, nutrition, iron metabolism, and cardiac and renal fibrosis. Clinical data and dialysis efficacy parameters were obtained from all patients. The relationships between studied biomarkers and age were assessed by a statistical comparison between younger (adults with age < 65 years) and older (age ≥ 65 years) patients and by performing regression analysis. Participants presented a mean age of 68.7 years (±13.6), with 66.8% (n = 193) being classified as older. Compared to younger patients, older patients presented the following: (a) significantly lower values of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and ultrafiltration volume; (b) lower levels of phosphorus, uric acid, creatinine, and albumin; and (c) higher circulating concentrations of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), D-dimer, interleukin-6, leptin, N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1. In the multiple linear regression analysis, DBP values, tPA, phosphorus, and D-dimer levels were independently associated with the age of patients (standardized betas: −0.407, 0.272, −0.230, and 0.197, respectively; p < 0.001 for all), demonstrating relevant changes in biomarkers with increasing age at cardiovascular and nutritional levels. These findings seem to result from crosstalk mechanisms between aging and chronic kidney disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3325
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume25
Issue number6
Number of pages14
ISSN1661-6596
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • End-stage renal disease
  • Dialysis
  • Aging
  • Biomarkers
  • Biological variables

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