Aerodynamic Aspects of Wind Energy Conversion

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This article reviews the most important aerodynamic research topics in the field of wind energy. Wind turbine aerodynamics concerns the modeling and prediction of aerodynamic forces, such as performance predictions of wind farms, and the design of specific parts of wind turbines, such as rotor-blade geometry. The basics of the blade-element momentum theory are presented along with guidelines for the construction of airfoil data. Various theories for aerodynamically optimum rotors are discussed, and recent results on classical models are presented. State-of-the-art advanced numerical simulation tools for wind turbine rotors and wakes are reviewed, including rotor predictions as well as models for simulating wind turbine wakes and flows in wind farms.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnual Review of Fluid Mechanics
Pages (from-to)427-448
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Rotor aerodynamics
  • Wind turbines
  • BEM theory
  • Wakes
  • Wind farms
  • CFD

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