Aeroacoustic Computations for Turbulent Airfoil Flows

Wen Zhong Shen, Wei Jun Zhu, Jens Nørkær Sørensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


The How-acoustic splitting technique for aeroacoustic computations is extended to simulate the propagation of acoustic waves generated by three-dimensional turbulent flows. In the flow part, a subgrid-scale turbulence model (the mixed model) is employed for large-eddy simulations. The obtained instantaneous How solution is employed as input for the acoustic part. At low Mach numbers, the differences in scales and propagation speed between the flow and the acoustic field are quite large, and hence different meshes and time steps can be used for the two parts. The model is applied to compute flows past a NACA 0015 airfoil at a Mach number of 0.2 and a Reynolds number of 1.6 x 10(5) for different angles of attack. The flow solutions are validated by comparing lift and drag characteristics with experimental data. The comparisons show good agreements between the computed and measured airfoil lift characteristics for angles of attack up to stall. For the acoustic solutions, predicted noise spectra are validated quantitatively against experimental data. A parametrical study of the noise pattern for flows at angles of attack between 4 and 12 deg shows that the noise level is small for angles of attack below 8 deg, increases sharply from 8 to 10 deg, and reaches a maximum at 12 deg.
Original languageEnglish
JournalA I A A Journal
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1518-1527
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • Computational Aeroacoustics
  • Aeroacoustics
  • Airfoil Flow


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