Advances in the long-pulse steady-state high beta H-mode scenario with active controls of divertor heat and particle fluxes in EAST

EAST Team and Collaborators, B. N. Wan*, X. Z. Gong, Y. Liang, N. Xiang, G. S. Xu, Y. Sun, L. Wang, J. P. Qian, H. Q. Liu, B. Zhang, T. Y. Xia, J. Huang, R. Ding, T. Zhang, G. Z. Zuo, Z. Sun, L. Zeng, X. J. Zhang, Q. ZangB. Lyu, A. M. Garofalo, G. Q. Li, K. D. Li, Q. Q. Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Since the last IAEA-Fusion Energy Conference, the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) research program has been, in support of ITER and CFETR, focused on development in terms of the long-pulse steady-state (fully noninductive) high beta H-mode scenario with active controls of the stationary and transient divertor heat and particle fluxes. The operational domain of the steady-state H-mode plasma scenario has been significantly extended with ITER-like tungsten mono-block divertor, plasma control and heating schemes. EAST has achieved several important milestones in the development of high β p H-mode scenario and its key physics and technologies. A 60 s-scale long-pulse steady-state high β p H-mode discharge with the major normalized plasma parameters similar to the designed performance of the CFETR 1 GW fusion power operation scenario has been successfully established and sustained by pure RF heating and current drive. Several feedback control schemes have been developed for a sustained detachment with good core confinement. This includes control of the total radiation power, target electron temperature, and particle flux measured using divertor Langmuir probes or a combination of the control of target electron temperature and AXUV radiation near the X point. The detachment feedback control schemes have been integrated with small-ELM regimes and high β p scenario via neon seeding, enabling a core and edge compatible integrated high-beta scenario applicable to long-pulse operations. ELM suppression has been achieved using various methods, including resonant magnetic perturbations and impurity seeding. Full suppression of ELMs by using n = 4 RMPs has been demonstrated for ITER for the first time in low input torque plasmas in EAST. EAST has been operated with helium to support the ITER research requirements for the first time. For a long-pulse, high bootstrap current fraction operation, a new lower tungsten divertor with active water-cooling has been installed, along with improvements in the heating and current drive capability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042010
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Detachment
  • EAST tokamak
  • ELM suppression
  • He plasma
  • High beta H mode scenario
  • Tungsten divertor


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