Advances in antibody phage display technology

Line Ledsgaard*, Anne Ljungars, Charlotte Rimbault, Christoffer V. Sørensen, Tulika Tulika, Jack Wade, Yessica Wouters, John McCafferty, Andreas H. Laustsen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewpeer-review

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Phage display technology can be used for the discovery of antibodies for research, diagnostic, and therapeutic purposes. In this review, we present and discuss key parameters that can be optimized when performing phage display selection campaigns, including the use of different antibody formats and advanced strategies for antigen presentation, such as immobilization, liposomes, nanodiscs, virus-like particles, and whole cells. Furthermore, we provide insights into selection strategies that can be used for the discovery of antibodies with complex binding requirements, such as targeting a specific epitope, cross-reactivity, or pH-dependent binding. Lastly, we provide a description of specialized phage display libraries for the discovery of bispecific antibodies and pH-sensitive antibodies. Together, these methods can be used to improve antibody discovery campaigns against all types of antigen.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDrug Discovery Today
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)2151-2169
Number of pages19
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Phage display
  • Antibody discovery
  • Antigen presentation
  • Selection strategy
  • Library design


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