Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation for Kevlar Wall Aeroacoustic Wind Tunnels

William Devenport, Ken Brown, Aurelien Borgoltz , Eric Paterson, Christian Bak, Niels N. Sørensen, Anders Smærup Olsen, Mac Gaunaa, Andreas Fischer, Christian Grinderslev

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Abstract

This paper presents tests carried out in the Virginia Tech Stability Wind Tunnel with Kevlar walls to allow for aeroacoustic measurements. Two-dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) calculations using the EllipSys2D solver were carried out to investigate the impact of no-slip condition, porosity, and flexibility of the simulated walls on the aerodynamics of a 0.9m-chord DU91-W250 airfoil at a Reynolds number of 3M. The accuracy of the airfoil simulation was first benchmarked against the experimental data, including data obtained in the Stability Tunnel hard-wall test section, and then the impact of boundary conditions on the simulation of the Kevlar test-section was investigated. The CFD was able to reproduce most of the airfoil characteristics (its lift, pressure distributions, and velocity profiles measured through the airfoil wake) as well as the growth of the wind tunnel wall boundary layers downstream of the model. All three boundary condition parameters (porosity, deflection, and no-slip condition) were found to have a high impact on the accuracy of the simulation. In particular, the no-slip condition was found to influence the pressure difference across the Kevlar walls and thus the transpiration through them, making it important in the aerodynamic correction process. The comparisons also highlighted some issues that need to be investigated further. The CFD consistently under-predicted drag while predicting transition locations upstream of those measured. Calculations also showed slightly larger blockage effects on the airfoil pressure distributions than those measured. This may be the result of an over-estimate of the blockage associated with transpiration through the wall.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventAdvanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation - Torino, Italy
Duration: 16 Apr 201818 Apr 2018

Workshop

WorkshopAdvanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation
CountryItaly
CityTorino
Period16/04/201818/04/2018

Cite this

Devenport, W., Brown, K., Borgoltz , A., Paterson, E., Bak, C., Sørensen, N. N., ... Grinderslev, C. (2018). Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation for Kevlar Wall Aeroacoustic Wind Tunnels. Paper presented at Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation, Torino, Italy.
Devenport, William ; Brown, Ken ; Borgoltz , Aurelien ; Paterson, Eric ; Bak, Christian ; Sørensen, Niels N. ; Olsen, Anders Smærup ; Gaunaa, Mac ; Fischer, Andreas ; Grinderslev, Christian. / Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation for Kevlar Wall Aeroacoustic Wind Tunnels. Paper presented at Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation, Torino, Italy.
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title = "Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation for Kevlar Wall Aeroacoustic Wind Tunnels",
abstract = "This paper presents tests carried out in the Virginia Tech Stability Wind Tunnel with Kevlar walls to allow for aeroacoustic measurements. Two-dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) calculations using the EllipSys2D solver were carried out to investigate the impact of no-slip condition, porosity, and flexibility of the simulated walls on the aerodynamics of a 0.9m-chord DU91-W250 airfoil at a Reynolds number of 3M. The accuracy of the airfoil simulation was first benchmarked against the experimental data, including data obtained in the Stability Tunnel hard-wall test section, and then the impact of boundary conditions on the simulation of the Kevlar test-section was investigated. The CFD was able to reproduce most of the airfoil characteristics (its lift, pressure distributions, and velocity profiles measured through the airfoil wake) as well as the growth of the wind tunnel wall boundary layers downstream of the model. All three boundary condition parameters (porosity, deflection, and no-slip condition) were found to have a high impact on the accuracy of the simulation. In particular, the no-slip condition was found to influence the pressure difference across the Kevlar walls and thus the transpiration through them, making it important in the aerodynamic correction process. The comparisons also highlighted some issues that need to be investigated further. The CFD consistently under-predicted drag while predicting transition locations upstream of those measured. Calculations also showed slightly larger blockage effects on the airfoil pressure distributions than those measured. This may be the result of an over-estimate of the blockage associated with transpiration through the wall.",
author = "William Devenport and Ken Brown and Aurelien Borgoltz and Eric Paterson and Christian Bak and S{\o}rensen, {Niels N.} and Olsen, {Anders Sm{\ae}rup} and Mac Gaunaa and Andreas Fischer and Christian Grinderslev",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
note = "Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation ; Conference date: 16-04-2018 Through 18-04-2018",

}

Devenport, W, Brown, K, Borgoltz , A, Paterson, E, Bak, C, Sørensen, NN, Olsen, AS, Gaunaa, M, Fischer, A & Grinderslev, C 2018, 'Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation for Kevlar Wall Aeroacoustic Wind Tunnels' Paper presented at Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation, Torino, Italy, 16/04/2018 - 18/04/2018, .

Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation for Kevlar Wall Aeroacoustic Wind Tunnels. / Devenport, William; Brown, Ken; Borgoltz , Aurelien ; Paterson, Eric; Bak, Christian; Sørensen, Niels N.; Olsen, Anders Smærup; Gaunaa, Mac; Fischer, Andreas; Grinderslev, Christian.

2018. Paper presented at Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation, Torino, Italy.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review

TY - CONF

T1 - Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation for Kevlar Wall Aeroacoustic Wind Tunnels

AU - Devenport, William

AU - Brown, Ken

AU - Borgoltz , Aurelien

AU - Paterson, Eric

AU - Bak, Christian

AU - Sørensen, Niels N.

AU - Olsen, Anders Smærup

AU - Gaunaa, Mac

AU - Fischer, Andreas

AU - Grinderslev, Christian

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - This paper presents tests carried out in the Virginia Tech Stability Wind Tunnel with Kevlar walls to allow for aeroacoustic measurements. Two-dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) calculations using the EllipSys2D solver were carried out to investigate the impact of no-slip condition, porosity, and flexibility of the simulated walls on the aerodynamics of a 0.9m-chord DU91-W250 airfoil at a Reynolds number of 3M. The accuracy of the airfoil simulation was first benchmarked against the experimental data, including data obtained in the Stability Tunnel hard-wall test section, and then the impact of boundary conditions on the simulation of the Kevlar test-section was investigated. The CFD was able to reproduce most of the airfoil characteristics (its lift, pressure distributions, and velocity profiles measured through the airfoil wake) as well as the growth of the wind tunnel wall boundary layers downstream of the model. All three boundary condition parameters (porosity, deflection, and no-slip condition) were found to have a high impact on the accuracy of the simulation. In particular, the no-slip condition was found to influence the pressure difference across the Kevlar walls and thus the transpiration through them, making it important in the aerodynamic correction process. The comparisons also highlighted some issues that need to be investigated further. The CFD consistently under-predicted drag while predicting transition locations upstream of those measured. Calculations also showed slightly larger blockage effects on the airfoil pressure distributions than those measured. This may be the result of an over-estimate of the blockage associated with transpiration through the wall.

AB - This paper presents tests carried out in the Virginia Tech Stability Wind Tunnel with Kevlar walls to allow for aeroacoustic measurements. Two-dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) calculations using the EllipSys2D solver were carried out to investigate the impact of no-slip condition, porosity, and flexibility of the simulated walls on the aerodynamics of a 0.9m-chord DU91-W250 airfoil at a Reynolds number of 3M. The accuracy of the airfoil simulation was first benchmarked against the experimental data, including data obtained in the Stability Tunnel hard-wall test section, and then the impact of boundary conditions on the simulation of the Kevlar test-section was investigated. The CFD was able to reproduce most of the airfoil characteristics (its lift, pressure distributions, and velocity profiles measured through the airfoil wake) as well as the growth of the wind tunnel wall boundary layers downstream of the model. All three boundary condition parameters (porosity, deflection, and no-slip condition) were found to have a high impact on the accuracy of the simulation. In particular, the no-slip condition was found to influence the pressure difference across the Kevlar walls and thus the transpiration through them, making it important in the aerodynamic correction process. The comparisons also highlighted some issues that need to be investigated further. The CFD consistently under-predicted drag while predicting transition locations upstream of those measured. Calculations also showed slightly larger blockage effects on the airfoil pressure distributions than those measured. This may be the result of an over-estimate of the blockage associated with transpiration through the wall.

M3 - Paper

ER -

Devenport W, Brown K, Borgoltz A, Paterson E, Bak C, Sørensen NN et al. Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation for Kevlar Wall Aeroacoustic Wind Tunnels. 2018. Paper presented at Advanced Wind Tunnel Boundary Simulation, Torino, Italy.