Adaptive backstepping control for master-slave AC microgrid in smart island

Moslem Dehghani, Taher Niknam*, Mohammad Ghiasi, Hamid Reza Baghaee, Frede Blaabjerg, Tomislav Dragicevǐć, Mohammadrashid Rashidi

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    To control a smart-island (which comprises three distributed generation (DG) units with their autonomous converters), based on a nonlinear backstepping control (BSC) scheme, an adaptive reference signal, and a state observer are designed to improve the steady-state performance of the system. An adaptive reference value has been designed and used instead of a constant reference signal to improve the system's steady-state performance, e.g., total harmonic distortion (THD), peak value, and effective value in the voltage control mode. The presented adaptive reference is changed based on the error between the reference signal and the output voltage signal to tend the error to zero. Compared to the classical backstepping controllers, the reference signal is pursued with a fast response and a low steady-state of loads alternations. To demonstrate the efficiency, authenticity, and compatibility of the proposed control strategy, offline digital time-domain simulation studies are carried out on a master-slave organized inverter-based microgrids in various load variations like linear and nonlinear loads in MATLAB/Simulink software environment. The obtained results are compared with previously reported techniques. Moreover, the obtained simulation results are verified by performing laboratory-based experimental tests based on digital signal processing (DSP), which validate the proposed control strategy's accuracy, authenticity, and effectiveness under different conditions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number123282
    Number of pages15
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022


    • Adaptive reference signal
    • Backstepping controller
    • Inverter
    • Master-slave
    • Smart island power grid
    • State observer


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