Adaptive and Sliding Mode Friction-Resilient Machine Tool Positioning - Cascaded Control Revisited

Dimitrios Papageorgiou*, Mogens Blanke, Hans Henrik Niemann, Jan H. Richter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Needs for high-accuracy tool positioning and accurate trajectory following have renewed the focus on controller design for machine tools. While state-of-the-art solutions, based on Proportional (P) and Proportional-Integral (PI) cascades, achieve sufficient nominal performance, axis positioning accuracy quickly degrades in the presence of additional wear-related friction. Sliding-mode and nonlinear adaptive controllers with no cascaded architecture can alleviate such performance deterioration at the cost, however, of significantly increased design complexity. This is mainly due to the fact that such architectures facilitate addressing more nonlinear phenomena, such as load dynamic friction. This paper investigates three nonlinear controllers with cascaded architecture for machine tool axis positioning. A comparative analysis of the positioning solutions is carried out and it is shown that a cascaded scheme comprising a proportional and a super-twisting sliding-mode controller offers superior friction-resilient axis positioning. Moreover, its design complexity is comparable to that of the conventional P-PI solution. Experimental results obtained from a single-axis test setup equipped with commercial industrial equipment validate the theoretical findings
Original languageEnglish
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Volume132
Pages (from-to)35-54
ISSN0888-3270
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Machine-tool control
  • Axis drive-train
  • Friction
  • Super-twisting sliding-mode control
  • Nonlinear adaptive control
  • Immersion and invariance control,
  • Robustness
  • High accuracy positioning

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