These results show that membrane interactions play a prominent role during intestinal translocation of an acylated peptide. Acylation benefits permeation for shorter and medium chains due to increased membrane interactions, however, for longer chains insertion in the membrane becomes dominant and hinders translocation, i.e. the peptides get 'stuck' in the cell membrane. Applying a transcellular absorption enhancer increases the dynamics of membrane insertion and detachment by fluidizing the membrane, thus facilitating its effects primarily on membrane associated peptides.
Bibliographical noteCreative Commons Attribution License
Trier, S., Linderoth, L., Bjerregaard, S., Andresen, T. L., & Rahbek, U. L. (2014). Acylation of Glucagon-like peptide-2: Interaction with lipid membranes and in vitro intestinal permeability. P L o S One, 9(10), e109939. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0109939