Active tuned mass damper for damping of offshore wind turbine vibrations

Mark Laier Brodersen, Ann-Sofie Bjørke, Jan Becker Høgsberg

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Abstract

An active tuned mass damper (ATMD) is employed for damping of tower vibrations of fixed offshore wind turbines, where the additional actuator force is controlled using feedback from the tower displacement and the relative velocity of the damper mass. An optimum tuning procedure equivalent to the tuning procedure of the passive tuned mass damper combined with a simple procedure for minimizing the control force is employed for determination of optimum damper parameters and feedback gain values. By time domain simulations conducted in an aeroelastic code, it is demonstrated that the ATMD can be used to further reduce the structural response of the wind turbine compared with the passive tuned mass damper and this without an increase in damper mass. A limiting factor of the design of the ATMD is the displacement of the damper mass, which for the ATMD, increases to compensate for the reduction in mass.
Original languageEnglish
JournalWind Energy
Volume20
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)783–796
ISSN1095-4244
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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