Active serine involved in the stabilization of the active site loop in the Humicola lanuginosa lipase

Günther H.j. Peters, A. Svendsen, H. Langberg, J. Vind, S.A. Patkar, S. Toxvaerd, P.K.J. Kinnunen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We have investigated the binding properties of and dynamics in Humicola lanuginosa lipase (HII) and the inactive mutant S146A (active Ser146 substituted with Ala) using fluorescence spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations, respectively. Hll and S146A show significantly different binding behavior for phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG) liposomes. Generally, higher binding affinity is observed for Hll than the S146A mutant. Furthermore,depending on the matrix, the addition of the transition state analogue benzene boronic acid increases the binding affinity of S146A, whereas only small changes are observed for I-Ill suggesting that the active site Lid in the latter opens more easily and hence more lipase molecules are bound to the liposomes. These observations are in agreement with molecular dynamics simulations and subsequent essential dynamics analyses. The results reveal that the hinges of the active site lid are more flexible in the wild-type Hll than in S146A. In contrast, larger fluctuations are observed in the middle region of the active site loop in S 146A than in Hll. These findings reveal that the single mutation (S146A) of the active site serine leads to substantial conformational alterations in the H. lanuginosa Lipase and different binding affinities.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemistry
Volume37
Issue number36
Pages (from-to)12375-12383
Number of pages9
ISSN0006-2960
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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