Active aerodynamic stabilisation of long suspension bridges

Henrik Ditlev Nissen, Paul Haase Sørensen, Ole Erik Jannerup

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The paper describes the addition of actively controlled appendages (flaps) attached along the length of the bridge deck to dampen wind-induced oscillations in long suppension bridges. A novel approach using control systems methods for the analysis of dynamic stability is presented. In order to make use of control analysis and design techniques, a linear model of the structural and aerodynamic motion around equilibriun is developed. The model is validated through comparison with finite element calculations and wind tunnel experimental data on the Great Belt East Bridge in Denmark. The developed active control scheme is local in that the flap control signal at a given longitudinal position along the bridge only depends on local motion measurements. The analysis makes use of the Nyquist stability criteria and an anlysis of the sensitivity function for stability analysis. The analysis shows that the critical wind speed for flutter instability and divergence is increased substantially by active control.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics
Volume92
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)829-847
ISSN0167-6105
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Cite this

Nissen, H. D., Sørensen, P. H., & Jannerup, O. E. (2004). Active aerodynamic stabilisation of long suspension bridges. Journal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics, 92(10), 829-847.
Nissen, Henrik Ditlev ; Sørensen, Paul Haase ; Jannerup, Ole Erik. / Active aerodynamic stabilisation of long suspension bridges. In: Journal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics. 2004 ; Vol. 92, No. 10. pp. 829-847.
@article{90d377aa96d8495c893d805b0dddfcc9,
title = "Active aerodynamic stabilisation of long suspension bridges",
abstract = "The paper describes the addition of actively controlled appendages (flaps) attached along the length of the bridge deck to dampen wind-induced oscillations in long suppension bridges. A novel approach using control systems methods for the analysis of dynamic stability is presented. In order to make use of control analysis and design techniques, a linear model of the structural and aerodynamic motion around equilibriun is developed. The model is validated through comparison with finite element calculations and wind tunnel experimental data on the Great Belt East Bridge in Denmark. The developed active control scheme is local in that the flap control signal at a given longitudinal position along the bridge only depends on local motion measurements. The analysis makes use of the Nyquist stability criteria and an anlysis of the sensitivity function for stability analysis. The analysis shows that the critical wind speed for flutter instability and divergence is increased substantially by active control.",
author = "Nissen, {Henrik Ditlev} and S{\o}rensen, {Paul Haase} and Jannerup, {Ole Erik}",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
volume = "92",
pages = "829--847",
journal = "Journal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics",
issn = "0167-6105",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "10",

}

Nissen, HD, Sørensen, PH & Jannerup, OE 2004, 'Active aerodynamic stabilisation of long suspension bridges', Journal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics, vol. 92, no. 10, pp. 829-847.

Active aerodynamic stabilisation of long suspension bridges. / Nissen, Henrik Ditlev; Sørensen, Paul Haase; Jannerup, Ole Erik.

In: Journal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics, Vol. 92, No. 10, 2004, p. 829-847.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Active aerodynamic stabilisation of long suspension bridges

AU - Nissen, Henrik Ditlev

AU - Sørensen, Paul Haase

AU - Jannerup, Ole Erik

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - The paper describes the addition of actively controlled appendages (flaps) attached along the length of the bridge deck to dampen wind-induced oscillations in long suppension bridges. A novel approach using control systems methods for the analysis of dynamic stability is presented. In order to make use of control analysis and design techniques, a linear model of the structural and aerodynamic motion around equilibriun is developed. The model is validated through comparison with finite element calculations and wind tunnel experimental data on the Great Belt East Bridge in Denmark. The developed active control scheme is local in that the flap control signal at a given longitudinal position along the bridge only depends on local motion measurements. The analysis makes use of the Nyquist stability criteria and an anlysis of the sensitivity function for stability analysis. The analysis shows that the critical wind speed for flutter instability and divergence is increased substantially by active control.

AB - The paper describes the addition of actively controlled appendages (flaps) attached along the length of the bridge deck to dampen wind-induced oscillations in long suppension bridges. A novel approach using control systems methods for the analysis of dynamic stability is presented. In order to make use of control analysis and design techniques, a linear model of the structural and aerodynamic motion around equilibriun is developed. The model is validated through comparison with finite element calculations and wind tunnel experimental data on the Great Belt East Bridge in Denmark. The developed active control scheme is local in that the flap control signal at a given longitudinal position along the bridge only depends on local motion measurements. The analysis makes use of the Nyquist stability criteria and an anlysis of the sensitivity function for stability analysis. The analysis shows that the critical wind speed for flutter instability and divergence is increased substantially by active control.

M3 - Journal article

VL - 92

SP - 829

EP - 847

JO - Journal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics

JF - Journal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics

SN - 0167-6105

IS - 10

ER -