Carbon nanochains (CNCs) were synthesized by a facile chemical vapor deposition process consisting of a 1D chain of interconnected carbon nano-onions for potential application in supercapacitors. In this study, the CNCs were further activated by a chemical method using potassium hydroxide (KOH) as the activation agent to obtain micro-meso pore structures. To improve the specific surface area (SSA) and optimize the pore size distribution (PSD) to enhance the capacitance performance, we investigated the activation parameters, including the KOH content, temperature and duration. The results indicated that CNCs with a hierarchical pore structure and high SSA could be achieved using an activation process with a KOH-to-CNC ratio of 2 at 900 degrees C for 20 h. The mechanism is also discussed. The activation temperature and duration affect the promotion of the carbon graphitization and exaggeration of the carbon etching. The CNCs activated using the optimal parameters exhibited a high capacitance performance of 112.7 F g(-1) at 50 mV s(-1) with excellent stability in 6 M KOH electrolyte, which was due to the improved surface and micromesoporosity without sacrificing their electronic transmission properties.
Zhang, M., He, C., Liu, E., Zhu, S., Shi, C., Li, J., Li, Q., & Zhao, N. (2015). Activated Carbon Nanochains with Tailored Micro-Meso Pore Structures and Their Application for Supercapacitors. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119(38), 21810-21817. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b05480