Acetate production enhancement from carbon dioxide reduction by using modified cathode materials in microbial electrosynthesis

Nabin Aryal, Arnab Halder, Minwei Zhang, Pier-Luc Tremblay, Qijin Chi, Tian Zhang

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Microbial electrosynthesis (MES) is one of the emerging biosustainable technologies for the biological conversion of carbon dioxide to the value-added chemical precursor. The electro autotrophic bacteria fix CO2 via Wood-Ljungdahl pathway, accepting the electron derived from the cathode in the bioelectrochemical System (BES). The MES reactor can power with the solar photovoltaic system and harvest light energy to multi-carbon compounds to make it artificial photosynthesis system. Nevertheless, chemical production rate should be optimized for the commercialization of MES technology. Interestingly, it has been demonstrated that the productivity was enhanced with the modified cathode surfaces by improving microbe-electrode electron transfer. Here, we have tested the different cathode materials for the improvement of acetate production from carbon dioxide and their behavior for the biofilm formation. Interesting, graphene based electrode materials has better performance on the acetate production and microbe-electrode interaction. Modification with three dimensional metal-graphene networks increased the electrosynthesis rate of acetate from CO2 by 10.2 fold compared with three-dimensional graphene network by using sporomusa ovata.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2016
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventSustain-ATV Conference 2016: Creating Technology for a Sustainable Society - Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Duration: 30 Nov 201630 Nov 2016
http://www.sustain.dtu.dk/about/sustain-2016

Conference

ConferenceSustain-ATV Conference 2016
LocationTechnical University of Denmark
CountryDenmark
CityKgs. Lyngby
Period30/11/201630/11/2016
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Sustain Abstract P-12

Keywords

  • Microbial Electrosythesis
  • CO2 Reduction
  • Acetate
  • Three-Dimensional Electrode
  • Graphene
  • Sporomusa Ovata

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Acetate production enhancement from carbon dioxide reduction by using modified cathode materials in microbial electrosynthesis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this