Accuracy of self-reported intake of signature foods in a school meal intervention study: comparison between control and intervention period

Anja Pia Biltoft-Jensen, Camilla Trab Damsgaard, Rikke Andersen, Karin Hess Ygil, Elisabeth Wreford Andersen, Majken Ege, Tue Christensen, Louise Bergmann Sørensen, Ken D. Stark, Inge Tetens, Anne Vibeke Thorsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

210 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Bias in self-reported dietary intake is important when evaluating the effect of dietary interventions, particularly for intervention foods. However, few have investigated this in children, and none have investigated the reporting accuracy of fish intake in children using biomarkers. In a Danish school meal study, 8- to 11-year-old children (n 834) were served the New Nordic Diet (NND) for lunch. The present study examined the accuracy of self-reported intake of signature foods (berries, cabbage, root vegetables, legumes, herbs, potatoes, wild plants, mushrooms, nuts and fish) characterising the NND. Children, assisted by parents, self-reported their diet in a Web-based Dietary Assessment Software for Children during the intervention and control (packed lunch) periods. The reported fish intake by children was compared with their ranking according to fasting whole-blood EPA and DHA concentration and weight percentage using the Spearman correlations and cross-classification. Direct observation of school lunch intake (n 193) was used to score the accuracy of food-reporting as matches, intrusions, omissions and faults. The reporting of all lunch foods had higher percentage of matches compared with the reporting of signature foods in both periods, and the accuracy was higher during the control period compared with the intervention period. Both Spearman's rank correlations and linear mixed models demonstrated positive associations between EPA+DHA and reported fish intake. The direct observations showed that both reported and real intake of signature foods did increase during the intervention period. In conclusion, the self-reported data represented a true increase in the intake of signature foods and can be used to examine dietary intervention effects.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume114
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)635-644
Number of pages10
ISSN0007-1145
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Web-based food diaries
  • n-3 fatty acids
  • Direct observation
  • Matches
  • Intrusions
  • Omissions
  • Faults

Cite this

@article{f16fe7a46682499eb561ee9d177787d5,
title = "Accuracy of self-reported intake of signature foods in a school meal intervention study: comparison between control and intervention period",
abstract = "Bias in self-reported dietary intake is important when evaluating the effect of dietary interventions, particularly for intervention foods. However, few have investigated this in children, and none have investigated the reporting accuracy of fish intake in children using biomarkers. In a Danish school meal study, 8- to 11-year-old children (n 834) were served the New Nordic Diet (NND) for lunch. The present study examined the accuracy of self-reported intake of signature foods (berries, cabbage, root vegetables, legumes, herbs, potatoes, wild plants, mushrooms, nuts and fish) characterising the NND. Children, assisted by parents, self-reported their diet in a Web-based Dietary Assessment Software for Children during the intervention and control (packed lunch) periods. The reported fish intake by children was compared with their ranking according to fasting whole-blood EPA and DHA concentration and weight percentage using the Spearman correlations and cross-classification. Direct observation of school lunch intake (n 193) was used to score the accuracy of food-reporting as matches, intrusions, omissions and faults. The reporting of all lunch foods had higher percentage of matches compared with the reporting of signature foods in both periods, and the accuracy was higher during the control period compared with the intervention period. Both Spearman's rank correlations and linear mixed models demonstrated positive associations between EPA+DHA and reported fish intake. The direct observations showed that both reported and real intake of signature foods did increase during the intervention period. In conclusion, the self-reported data represented a true increase in the intake of signature foods and can be used to examine dietary intervention effects.",
keywords = "Web-based food diaries, n-3 fatty acids, Direct observation, Matches, Intrusions, Omissions, Faults",
author = "Biltoft-Jensen, {Anja Pia} and Damsgaard, {Camilla Trab} and Rikke Andersen and Ygil, {Karin Hess} and Andersen, {Elisabeth Wreford} and Majken Ege and Tue Christensen and S{\o}rensen, {Louise Bergmann} and Stark, {Ken D.} and Inge Tetens and Thorsen, {Anne Vibeke}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1017/s0007114515002020",
language = "English",
volume = "114",
pages = "635--644",
journal = "British Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "0007-1145",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "4",

}

Accuracy of self-reported intake of signature foods in a school meal intervention study: comparison between control and intervention period. / Biltoft-Jensen, Anja Pia; Damsgaard, Camilla Trab; Andersen, Rikke; Ygil, Karin Hess; Andersen, Elisabeth Wreford; Ege, Majken; Christensen, Tue; Sørensen, Louise Bergmann; Stark, Ken D.; Tetens, Inge; Thorsen, Anne Vibeke.

In: British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 114, No. 4, 2015, p. 635-644.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Accuracy of self-reported intake of signature foods in a school meal intervention study: comparison between control and intervention period

AU - Biltoft-Jensen, Anja Pia

AU - Damsgaard, Camilla Trab

AU - Andersen, Rikke

AU - Ygil, Karin Hess

AU - Andersen, Elisabeth Wreford

AU - Ege, Majken

AU - Christensen, Tue

AU - Sørensen, Louise Bergmann

AU - Stark, Ken D.

AU - Tetens, Inge

AU - Thorsen, Anne Vibeke

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Bias in self-reported dietary intake is important when evaluating the effect of dietary interventions, particularly for intervention foods. However, few have investigated this in children, and none have investigated the reporting accuracy of fish intake in children using biomarkers. In a Danish school meal study, 8- to 11-year-old children (n 834) were served the New Nordic Diet (NND) for lunch. The present study examined the accuracy of self-reported intake of signature foods (berries, cabbage, root vegetables, legumes, herbs, potatoes, wild plants, mushrooms, nuts and fish) characterising the NND. Children, assisted by parents, self-reported their diet in a Web-based Dietary Assessment Software for Children during the intervention and control (packed lunch) periods. The reported fish intake by children was compared with their ranking according to fasting whole-blood EPA and DHA concentration and weight percentage using the Spearman correlations and cross-classification. Direct observation of school lunch intake (n 193) was used to score the accuracy of food-reporting as matches, intrusions, omissions and faults. The reporting of all lunch foods had higher percentage of matches compared with the reporting of signature foods in both periods, and the accuracy was higher during the control period compared with the intervention period. Both Spearman's rank correlations and linear mixed models demonstrated positive associations between EPA+DHA and reported fish intake. The direct observations showed that both reported and real intake of signature foods did increase during the intervention period. In conclusion, the self-reported data represented a true increase in the intake of signature foods and can be used to examine dietary intervention effects.

AB - Bias in self-reported dietary intake is important when evaluating the effect of dietary interventions, particularly for intervention foods. However, few have investigated this in children, and none have investigated the reporting accuracy of fish intake in children using biomarkers. In a Danish school meal study, 8- to 11-year-old children (n 834) were served the New Nordic Diet (NND) for lunch. The present study examined the accuracy of self-reported intake of signature foods (berries, cabbage, root vegetables, legumes, herbs, potatoes, wild plants, mushrooms, nuts and fish) characterising the NND. Children, assisted by parents, self-reported their diet in a Web-based Dietary Assessment Software for Children during the intervention and control (packed lunch) periods. The reported fish intake by children was compared with their ranking according to fasting whole-blood EPA and DHA concentration and weight percentage using the Spearman correlations and cross-classification. Direct observation of school lunch intake (n 193) was used to score the accuracy of food-reporting as matches, intrusions, omissions and faults. The reporting of all lunch foods had higher percentage of matches compared with the reporting of signature foods in both periods, and the accuracy was higher during the control period compared with the intervention period. Both Spearman's rank correlations and linear mixed models demonstrated positive associations between EPA+DHA and reported fish intake. The direct observations showed that both reported and real intake of signature foods did increase during the intervention period. In conclusion, the self-reported data represented a true increase in the intake of signature foods and can be used to examine dietary intervention effects.

KW - Web-based food diaries

KW - n-3 fatty acids

KW - Direct observation

KW - Matches

KW - Intrusions

KW - Omissions

KW - Faults

U2 - 10.1017/s0007114515002020

DO - 10.1017/s0007114515002020

M3 - Journal article

VL - 114

SP - 635

EP - 644

JO - British Journal of Nutrition

JF - British Journal of Nutrition

SN - 0007-1145

IS - 4

ER -