Accuracy and Sources of Error for an Angle Independent Volume Flow Estimator

Jonas Jensen, Jacob Bjerring Olesen, Peter Møller Hansen, Michael Bachmann Nielsen, Jørgen Arendt Jensen

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This paper investigates sources of error for a vector velocity volume flow estimator. Quantification of the estima tor’s accuracy is performed theoretically and investigated in vivo . Womersley’s model for pulsatile flow is used to simulate velo city profiles and calculate volume flow errors in cases of elliptic al vessels and not placing the transducer at the vessel center. Simulations show, i.e., that volume flow is underestimated w ith 5 %, when the transducer is placed 15 % from the vessel center. Twenty patients with arteriovenous fistulas for hemodialys is are scanned in a clinical study. A BK Medical UltraView 800 ultrasound scanner with a 9 MHz linear array transducer is used to obtain Vector Flow Imaging sequences of a superficial part of the fistulas. Cross-sectional diameters of each fistu la are measured on B-mode images by rotating the scan plane 90 degrees. The major axis of the fistulas was on average 8.6 % larger than the minor axis, so elliptic dimensions should be taken into account in volume flow estimation. The ultrasound beam w as on average 1.5 ± 0.8 mm off-axis, corresponding to 28.5 ± 11.3 % of the major semi-axis of a fistula, and this could result in 15 % underestimated volume flow according to the simulation. Volume flow estimates were corrected for the beam being off- axis, but was not able to significantly decrease the error rel ative to measurements with the reference method.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
Publication date2014
ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-7049-0
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event2014 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium - Hilton Hotel, Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: 3 Sep 20146 Sep 2014


Conference2014 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
LocationHilton Hotel
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago, IL


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