Accuracy and Precision of Plane Wave Vector Flow Imaging for Laminar and Complex Flow In Vivo

Jonas Jensen, Marie Sand Traberg, Carlos Armando Villagómez Hoyos, Jacob Bjerring Olesen, Borislav Gueorguiev Tomov, Ramin Moshavegh, Matthias Bo Stuart, Caroline Ewertsen, Kristoffer Lindskov Hansen, Michael Bachmann Nielsen, Jørgen Arendt Jensen

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In this study, a comparison between velocity fields for a plane wave 2-D vector flow imaging (VFI) method and a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation is made. VFI estimates are obtained from the scan of a flow phantom, which mimics the complex flow conditions in the carotid artery. Furthermore, the precision of the VFI method is investigated under laminar and complex flow conditions in vivo. The carotid bifurcation of a healthy volunteer was scanned using both fast plane wave ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The acquired MRI geometry of the bifurcation was used for fabricating an anthropomorphic flow phantom, which was also ultrasound scanned. The same geometry was used in a CFD simulation to calculate the velocity field. Results showed that similar flow patterns and vortices were estimated using CFD and VFI in the phantom. Velocity magnitudes were estimated with a mean difference within 15 %, however, it was 23 % in the external branch. For the in vivo scan, the precision in terms of
mean standard deviation (SD) of estimates aligned to the cardiac cycle was highest in the center of the common carotid artery (SD 4.7◦ for angles) and lowest in the external branch and close to the vessel wall (SD 15.0◦ for angles).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
Number of pages4
Publication date2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event2017 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium - Omni Shoreham Hotel, Washington D. C., United States
Duration: 6 Sep 20179 Sep 2017


Conference2017 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
LocationOmni Shoreham Hotel
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityWashington D. C.
Internet address


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