Accounting for PMD Temporal Correlation During Lightpath Set Up in Transparent Optical Networks

Nicola Sambo, Marco Secondini, Nicola Andriolli, Martin Nordal Petersen, Piedro Castoldi

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


In transparent optical networks, the signal transmission is degraded by optical layer physical impairments. Therefore, lightpaths may be blocked due to unacceptable quality of transmission (QoT). Among physical impairments, polarization mode dispersion (PMD) is a detrimental effect which has stochastic characteristics. Moreover, PMD depends on time-variant factors, such as the temperature and the fiber stress. When implementing a dynamic GMPLS-controlled transparent optical network, the GMPLS protocol suite must take into account physical impairment information in order to establish lightpaths while guaranteeing the required QoT. In the literature, solutions for QoT-aware GMPLS control plane commonly consider that the effects of PMD on QoT are not detrimental when the average differential group delay (DGD) does not exceed a threshold. However, even with a high average DGD, it may happen that the instantaneous DGD is not detrimental. Additionally, given PMD temporal correlation properties, once that the instantaneous DGD is not detrimental, it continues to be not detrimental within considerable time ranges. Therefore, more accurate models can be implemented in the GMPLS control plane to account for PMD. In this paper we propose a novel lightpath provisioning scheme based on a PMD prediction model which accounts for PMD temporal correlation properties. The proposed PMD-temporal-correlation (PTC) based lightpath provisioning scheme is compared with a scheme based on a classical PMD model. Simulation results show that PTC scheme significantly reduces the lightpath blocking probability with respect to the classical scheme. Moreover, PTC demonstrates that, by considering PMD temporal correlation, the transparency domain size can be increased, since paths that would be rejected by a classical model can be actually accepted within specific time ranges.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Issue number22
Pages (from-to)3307-3313
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • PMD
  • transparent optical networks
  • Control plane
  • physical impairments

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