Accessibility and Energy Consumption Evaluation under Different Strategies of Mobility On-Demand Deployment

Eytan Gross, Jimi B. Oke, Arun Akinnepally, Bat-Hen Nahmias Biran, Carlos M. Lima Azevedo, P. Christopher Zegras, Joseph Ferreira

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We present a novel framework for the analysis of the impact of smart mobility and new vehicle technologies on the future of urban mobility. To capture the variability in urban form and behaviors, we gather data from 331 cities and apply exploratory factor analysis to obtain 9 factors on which we cluster the cities. 13 initial typologies are discovered and further confirmed and described via a novel latent class choice model. From these typologies, we generate prototype cities
via hierarchical proportional fitting for population syntheses and assignment algorithms to initial36 ize parameters for a state-of-the-art activity-based model. Finally, we employ a set of strategies which we evaluate against each other for key performance measures. We consider shared and non38 shared smart mobility on-demand with or without mass transit. We also consider vehicle restriction strategies, specifically the ban of gasoline powered internal combustion engine vehicles. We use an integrated agent- based urban simulator, SimMobility, to simulate these strategies across the scenario sample. The resulting futures are then evaluated for activity-based accessibility, energy consumption and network performance measures. This work is novel in the academic literature by combining personal accessibility metrics to energy consumption when simulating urban mobility.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2019
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventThe Transportation Research Board (TRB) 98th Annual Meeting - Washington D.C., United States
Duration: 13 Jan 201917 Jan 2019

Conference

ConferenceThe Transportation Research Board (TRB) 98th Annual Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityWashington D.C.
Period13/01/201917/01/2019

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