Magnetic ordering has been investigated by means of neutron scattering in an YBa2Cu3O6+x single crystal prepared with two different oxygen concentrations, x = 0.1 and x = 0.18, and in an aluminium-doped YBa2(Cu3-yAly)O6+x crystal with x = 0.25 and y = 0.14. For the undoped crystal, a magnetic ordering transition was observed at T(N) = 410 K and 368 K (respectively for x = 0.1 and x = 0.18), but no second magnetic transition was found down to 2 K. In contrast, an antiferromagnetic reordering was observed for the aluminium-doped sample with a transition temperature T2 = 8 K. This implies a high sensitivity of this second phase to impurities and indicates that the transition is not necessarily an intrinsic property of YBa2Cu3O6+x.
Casalta, H., Schleger, P., Brecht, E., Montfrooij, W., Andersen, N. H., Lebech, B., Schmahl, W. W., Fuess, H., Liang, R., Hardy, W. N., & Wolf, T. (1994). Absence of a second antiferromagnetic transition in pure YBa2Cu3O6+x. Physical Review B, 50(13), 9688-9691. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.50.9688