Ability of silybin and its derivatives to prevent protein oxidation in different model systems

K. Purchartová, C.P. Baron, V. Křen

Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journalResearchpeer-review


Flavonolignan silybin is a major component of silymarin isolated from seeds of the milk thistle (Silybum marianum). Natural silybin is a mixture of two diastereoisomers - silybin A and silybin B. Besides hepatoprotective effects, silybin was lately reported as anticancer, chemoprotective, dermatoprotective and hypocholesterolemic agent. Silybin plays an important role as antioxidant and free radical scavenger as well. Therefore, the antioxidant activity of silybin, dehydrosilybin, 23-O-butanoyl and 23-O-palmitoyl esters of silybin (respectively C4 and C16) was investigated. Especially their ability to prevent activation of hemoglobin (Hb) to highly reactive hypervalent heme protein species (ferrylHb and perferrylHb) was examined. Indeed, Hb cytotoxicity has been associated with the generation of protein radicals, which are formed when the ferric iron of Hb (Fe3+) is oxidised by H2O2 to (Fe4+) to form perferrylHb and ferrylHb, with the later also bearing a radical on its protein. The relationship between the structural properties of silybin and its derivatives and their ability to prevent oxidation of Hb was investigated in model system in the presence or the absence of lipids. The antioxidant activities of silybin, dehydrosilybin, 23-O-butanoyl and 23-O-palmitoyl silybin derivatives were correlated with their interaction with Hb species. Results are discussed in relation to the potential of dehydrosilybin, silybin and C4 and C16 derivates to prevent activation of Hb to hypevalent heme protein species.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Issue numberSupplement 1
Pages (from-to)44
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventSFRR - Europe 2013 Meeting: The new era of -omics in Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine - Athens, Greece
Duration: 23 Sept 201325 Sept 2013


ConferenceSFRR - Europe 2013 Meeting
Internet address


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