A turbulent jet in crossflow analysed with proper orthogonal decomposition

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Detailed instantaneous velocity fields of a jet in crossflow have been measured with stereoscopic particle image velocimetry (PIV). The jet originated from a fully developed turbulent pipe flow and entered a crossflow with a turbulent boundary layer. The Reynolds number based on crossflow velocity and pipe diameter was 2400 and the jet to crossflow velocity ratios were R = 3.3 and R = 1.3. The experimental data have been analysed by proper orthogonal decomposition (POD). For R = 3.3, the results in several different planes indicate that the wake vortices are the dominant dynamic flow structures and that they interact strongly with the jet core. The analysis identifies jet shear-layer vortices and finds that these vortical structures are more local and thus less dominant. For R = 1.3, on the other hand, jet shear-layer vortices are the most dominant, while the wake vortices are much less important. For both cases, the analysis finds that the shear-layer vortices are not coupled to the dynamics of the wake vortices. Finally, the hanging vortices are identified and their contribution to the counter-rotating vortex pair (CVP) and interaction with the newly created wake vortices are described.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Pages (from-to)199-227
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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